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Research Tools: Alaska Natives on Film Identification

A Guide to Primary Resources in the Alaska & Polar Regions Collections, University of Alaska Fairbanks

Contact the Alaska Film Archives

Angela Schmidt, Film Archivist
Phone: 907-474-5357

About the Alaska Natives on Film Identification Finding Aid

Project Funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities National Bank of Alaska

University of Alaska Fairbanks May 2003 Project Outline

The Alaska Natives on Film project was designed to:

  • Identify specific collections and film reels holding images of villages and Alaska Natives, incorporate elders in comprehensive identification of villages and people represented in each reel, and make VHS copies and still print copies available to family members identified during the project.
  • Create a database based on a preliminary review of each film reel to determine the region and native group represented in the images.
  • Catalog film images using MARC records in the University of Alaska Fairbanks library catalog.

During the course of the project VHS tape of the films and more than 1100 still-frame photographs captured from film were reviewed by Native elders in six Alaska locations. These locations were:

  • Fairbanks — Festival of Alaska Native Arts — March 2002
  • Anchorage — Alaska Federation of Natives Convention — October 2002
  • Bethel — Camai Festival — April 2003
  • Nome — Elders groups - April 2003
  • Barrow — Elders groups — April 2003
  • Kotzebue — Elders groups — May 2003

More than 500 relatives and friends were identified by Elders during the review process. These identifications generated 77 requests for print copies of the pictures, 3 requests for copies of the pictures on CD, and 64 requests for VHS tape copies of the film.

All identifications made during the project are included in summary descriptions of the individual film records in the library catalog.

Using this Finding Aid

  • Films are organized by collection and by film number within the collection. Collection information includes origin of the collection and general scope of the material in that collection.
  • Each individual film reel is identified by a letter-number combination beginning with AAF.
  • Each film reel includes a title, most often in brackets [ ] indicating the film consists of raw footage and is not a finished program. Finished film titles appear without brackets.
  • Titles are followed by information indicating if the film is color or black & white, if the film is sound or silent, film length, and time-frame that the material was filmed.
  • Following the collection and individual film information is a summary of the scenes in that film.
  • Captions for individual photographs identified during this project appear following the film summary. Each caption begins with the film reel number and individual frame number of the picture.
  • Eskimo names were used when available and appear in parentheses ( ) along with the English name when both are available.
  • Eskimo names in red were written using the Inupiaq Normal font.
  • Varied spellings for an individual name are separated by a slash /.
  • Names of individuals with conflicting identification are separated by a slash / and the last name is followed by a question mark in parentheses (?)
  • When the identification of an individual was only a strong possibility the name is followed by (?)
  • Possible spelling errors are followed by (sp)
  • Locations that were identified follow the names in the individual photograph.
  • Identified pictures DO NOT appear in this finding aid, only the captions are present. Plans are underway to make all identified pictures available in the near future.
  • Every attempt has been made to spell names correctly.

VHS video copies of each film are available for checkout or interlibrary loan. Please contact your local library to make arrangements for this service.

Film collections are listed below.

Oliver Collection

16mm color    4000ft    raw footage    b&w/color    silent    1947-57
Origin: The Oliver collection was donated to the University of Alaska during 1984.

The Oliver collection contains Eskimo (Inupiaq) footage taken while Ethel Oliver was teaching in the newly established village of Anaktuvuk Pass in the Brooks Range. AAF-001 [Grass gathering near Atka]    b&w/silent    6 min.    1946

Summary: Grass gathering; residents cut long grass, dry it, and split it. Scenic boat ride by inlet or "Old Harbor" and rectangular holes are dug in the ground.

AAF-011 [Salmon industry — Bristol Bay]    color/silent    12 min.    1944
Summary: Nushagak Bay, Ekuk village, activities include, float-plane landing, fish drying, children at play, tents and buildings, Bristol Bay sailing fleet at docks and fishing boats being towed away from harbor by small ship.

AAF-018 Atka Village    color/silent    49 min.    1946
Summary: Activities in and around Atka village during 1946 include Ship North Star; waterfalls, flowers and coastal scenery; house under construction; views of village, men building conical fish trap and a bidarka, blocking stream and catching fish, repairing fish nets; C-47 flying over and villagers pulling trailer of freight from airport with Jeep; men hunting, killing, and butchering caribou; Russian Orthodox Church and group of people with the Christmas Star; children sliding down steep grass slope and standing on wooden slats to ski; military men hauling two cases of explosives in boat; couple traveling to fishing camp next to beach; men at geothermal vent swimming and playing in warm pool; men traveling by truck to house and removing person on stretcher; men with fox pelts; man with two halibut; child opens urchin and eating contents; group of small grass baskets; woman weaving cloth by hand; various men women and children posing for the photographer.

AAF-031 [Anaktuvuk Pass]    color/silent    14 min.    1956
Summary: Activities at Anaktuvuk include: visitors arrive by airplane, children and adults look through books, carver works on wooden mask, people travel in motorboat and have a picnic, roofs and sod insulation are worked on, children play with paper airplanes and play other games, people travel across tundra in dog sleds, children and adults play string games, carvers use traditional bow drill and work on objects, visitors leave by float-plane.

31-05 Raymond Paneak (2nd from left) - Anaktuvuk Pass
31-06 Left to right: Mary Darling (?), Susie Paneak - Anaktuvuk Pass
31-07 Lazarus Rulland (left) - Anaktuvuk Pass
31-08 Elijah Kakinya (left) - Anaktuvuk Pass
31-09 Simon Paneak - Anaktuvuk Pass
31-10 Left to right: Roosevelt Paneak, Susie Paneak — Anaktuvuk Pass
31-11 Simon Paneak. Anaktuvuk Pass

AAF-038 [Anaktuvuk Pass and Barrow]    color/silent    17 min.    1947-1957
Summary: Anaktuvuk Pass images include: traditional dwellings covered with hides, sled dogs, children pose and sled, preparation and travel by dog sled, children ski using sticks as poles, traditional dwelling construction using willow sticks, people look at catalog; ski-plane; dog sleds approach. Barrow images include people in town near church, clothes hung from rack, dog sled travel, umiak, walrus skull, umiak frame, polar bear cub, mothers in parkas with babies, airplane, sign "Survey City Ticvariak Is. Alaska", man with axe, people play with ball, helicopter, luggage and cargo, and tractor pulling freight sled.

38-01 David Mekiana (right) - Anaktuvuk Pass
38-02 Morry Maptibaq/Maptibauraq Anaktuvuk Pass
38-03 Lena Mae Shontz and child

Forshaug Collection

16mm color/silent    2000ft    raw footage    1952-57
Origin: The Forshaug collection was donated to the University of Alaska during 1997.

The Forshaug collection contains Indian (Athapaskan) footage taken at Old Minto on the Tanana River while Forshaug was teaching school at the village

AAF-010 [Old Minto village activities]    color/silent    55 min.    1952-1957
Summary: A variety of village activities are shown including: men voting, children in school and swimming, men digging a community well, unloading the Alice, a fishwheel, gardening, 4-H cooking demonstration, clearing land, Santa at the airfield, sealing beaver hides, riverboat Nenana, moose meat, dog races at the Minto Ice Carnival, children getting fruit at Easter, Post Office, hand-propping Cessna170, TB vaccinations, Tanana River break-up, Byers Air Service Flying Carpet, moving a church with a Caterpillar tractor during winter. Also included is a parade in Fairbanks, Eva McGown and McKinley Park tour bus.

Snow Collection

16mm color/b&w 1500ft    raw footage    1930-63
Origin: The Snow collection was donated to the University of Alaska during 1980.

The Snow collection contains Eskimo (Yupik) reindeer herding film taken by a Bureau of Indian Affairs agent in Southwest Alaska.

AAF-051 [Reindeer herding in Southwest]    color/silent    10 min.    1931-1934
Summary: Includes men using dip nets from small boat, reindeer herd and herders, reindeer being driven to corral by Eskimo herders, reindeer in pens and chutes; reindeer being wrestled to ground, people hooking up sled dogs and mushing, steamship under power, steamship at anchor, motor launch under power, ship and sternwheeler at anchor, river break-up, reindeer in corral and being driven by herders, Eskimo man with furs joined by Caucasian woman.

AAF-052 [Reindeer herding ion Southwest] color/silent    9 min.    1931-1934
Summary: Includes: reindeer being driven to corral by Eskimo herders, reindeer in pens and chutes, reindeer being wrestled to ground, Eskimo man and caucasian woman with furs, tug boat at dock, steamship at dock, reindeer are rounded up, break-up on Kuskokwim River, fight among team dogs broken up by musher, Spring break-up and high water on Kuskokwim River at Akiak.

AAF-192 Flood at Bethel    color/silent    6 min.    1963
Summary: Images include flooded streets and buildings in Bethel, boats used. Flooded grocery, woman holds fish; ice floes move down Kuskokwim River. Boats and barges on the Kuskokwim River.

AAF-221 [Reindeer herding, Bethel area]    b&w/silent    5 min.    1931-1940
Summary: Reindeer in corral are wrestled to the ground by herders and castrated, women skin dead reindeer, man in kayak paddles out to a larger boat.

AAF-231 [Reindeer herding & break-up]    b&w/silent    6 min.    1931-1940
Summary: Images include reindeer herd and herders in Southwest Alaska, break-up on the Kuskokwim River, Eskimo women and children outside traditional dwellings alone and with sailors, boat "Ethel of Bethel", kayak with two Eskimo men, musher breaking up dog fight in team, and men butcher reindeer.

AAF-232 [Bethel & boats & reindeer herding]    b&w/silent    7 min.    1931-1935
Summary: Images include a group of kayaks, larger boats at a dock, group of Eskimo children and women, reindeer herd running through snow, herders drive reindeer into pens and chutes, reindeer are castrated, people on dog sleds, Eskimo man and Caucasian woman with furs.

UAF/Geist Collection

16mm color and b&w 6350ft raw footage    1928-1950
Origin: The UAF/Geist collection was filmed for the University of Alaska by Otto Geist and other university employees during the course of their work.

The Geist collection concentrates on Eskimo village (Yupik) and archaeological activity on St. Lawrence Island during the late 1920's. A small portion of the collection contains Alaska Territorial Guard activity at Nome during World War II and a small portion of Yukon River (Athabascan) activity.

AAF-015 Atka Stay    color/silent    20 min.    1972
Summary: Aerial view of mountains, ridges and volcanoes, boys sliding down hill on cardboard, view of Atka village, men load wood beams from abandoned building into pickup, boy in mini-bike near Atka. Men pull apart old hangar and salvage wood, men build dock, village scenes, abandoned military buildings, people and goods are unloading from Navy or Coast Guard ship, dwellings at Atka and old aircraft engines lying on ground.

AAF-053 [Sternwheelers & St. Lawrence Is]    b&w/silent    11 min.    1929-1935
Summary: Images of the sternwheelers "Yukon" and "Nenana", rope line is shot to shore and sternwheeler with barge that are stuck on sandbar are winched free, reindeer herded into pens, Eskimo men in umiaks hunt and butcher walrus, four-masted ship in distance, tug-of-war and hammer and nail games during Fourth of July celebration at St. Lawrence

Island, village viewed from ship, freight loaded from ship to small boat, and archaeological dig site.

AAF-054 [Gambell life]    b&w/silent    7 min.    1928-1935
Summary: Images of traditional Eskimo life in Gambell include stretching walrus hide and lashing it to a wooden frame, puppy is killed, residents passing through an arch made from the dog's intestines, two men wrestling, running races, children's games, tug-o-war games, fish and meat hanging from rack, residents posing, woman nursing baby, and village scenes.

54-15 Left to right: Rosie Kulukhon, unidentified, unidentified, unidentified
54-19 Location: Gambell Mountain.

AAF-055 [Interior Alaska]    b&w/silent    7 min.    1928-1935
Summary: Images include swallows digging mud for nests, men loading dead black bear on flatbed truck, small covered riverboats, Chena River during freeze-up, wheat shocks in farm field near Fairbanks, Steese Highway, swimming beaver, motorboat on Chena River at Fairbanks, caribou in brush, caribou head on barrel, village along Yukon River (Circle or Eagle), gravestones in cemetery, Circle Hot Springs, sled dogs pulling sled on dirt road, Chena River break-up and dog teams.

AAF-056 [St. Lawrence Is. excavation]    b&w/silent    10 min.    1928-1935
Summary: Kukulik excavation site, human remains, scientists and residents work in excavation, Eskimo men wrestle on beach, excavation site, group of unidentified Eskimo girls pose for photographer, Fourth of July games on St. Lawrence Island, worker reconstructs piece of armor, workers excavate site, unidentified people have tea with Russian Orthodox Church, unidentified Eskimo family.

AAF-059 [St. Lawrence Is & Kukulik excavation]    b&w/silent    7 min.    1928-1935
Summary: Images of rock and ice formations, Eskimo men carry dead birds, two Caucasian men empty "honey bucket" in ocean near archaeological site on Saint Lawrence Island, group of people at roadside picnic in Interior Alaska, and Indian couple with six pack-dogs.

AAF-066 [Kukulik excavation]    b&w/silent    11 min.    1928-1935
Summary: Includes images of excavation at Kukulik mound on St. Lawrence Island, men bringing in birds to be processed, tent camp of the workers, two scientists, Eskimo men digging and moving wheelbarrows of dirt, boy with ground squirrel, water is used to erode mound, Otto Geist looks at artifact held by scientist, Eskimo men and boys carry large quantity of dead waterfowl, pack ice viewed from ship, camp along shore, men haul driftwood, and view of beach.

AAF-067 [Agriculture & Interior villages]    b&w/silent    11 min.    1928-1935
Summary: Images include grain fields and farm near Fairbanks, fishwheel, swallows, Davidson Ditch siphon construction, Steese Highway, beaver, swallows, sled dogs pulling sled on road during summer, Circle Hot Springs resort, caribou in woods and caribou head on barrel, men loading dead black bear on flatbed truck, Ft. Yukon village scenes and cemetery (?), sternwheeler at small village with people on shore, Episcopal Church Hospital at Ft. Yukon, Indian woman with baby in beaded carrier, Indian woman cleaning hide near small conical tent with smoke coming from top, motor launch with sled on roof on Chena River in Fairbanks, and small boats along Yukon River.

AAF-068 [Kukulik excavation]    b&w/silent    11 min.    1928-1935
Summary: Excavation at Kukulik mound includes Eskimo men digging, Eskimo men pulling umiak ashore, frame building with group of Caucasians standing in front, buildings and bus at University of Alaska.

AAF-075 [Kukulik excavation]    b&w/silent    9 min.    1928-1935
Summary: Images at Kukulik include scientists crating artifacts, excavation site, Eskimo man cleaning dead reindeer (?), sled dogs pulling sled on tundra during summer.

AAF-076 [Kukulik excavation]    b&w/silent    13 min.    1928-1935
Summary: Images of four-mast sailing ship, Kukulik excavation site, Eskimo men pulling umiak on shore, University of Alaska buildings and bus. Second half duplicates portion of AAF-68.

AAF-082 [St. Lawrence Is. life]    b&w/silent    10 min.    1928-1935
Summary: Activity on St. Lawrence Island includes Gamble residents herding and castrating reindeer, excavation at Kukulik, Caucasian children playing, men in boats, butchering whale and small boat with sail.

AAF-085 [St. Lawrence Is. life]    b&w/silent    22 min.    1928-1935
Summary: Eskimo men jump from boardwalk, women and children pose for camera, men practice two-foot high kick, Kukulik excavation site, skeletal remains, Otto Geist cleaning samples and smoking pipe, Eskimo women carry buckets.

85-05 Left to right: unidentified, Caleb Pungowiyi's mother Helen, unidentified.

AAF-087 [Healing ceremony & St. Lawrence Is. life]    color/silent    8 min.    1928-1935
Summary: Images include villagers posing for camera, hide is lashed to framework and cleaned, village panorama, tug-of-war, wrestling and other games are played, puppy is slain and used for healing ceremony.

AAF-137 Sleitmute: An Alaskan village    color/silent    11 min.    1955-1957
Summary: Was filmed at the Eskimo village of Sleetmute on the Kuskokwim River. Images include spring break-up, aftermath of flooding in village, man builds fishwheel, fishwheel is transported on river and installed, people at picnic, ice fishing and ice skating.

AAF-277, AAF-278    [Whaling & Nome & Alaska Territorial Guard, Alaska Territorial Guard]    color/silent    20 min.    1942-1945
Summary: Part 1 (AAF-277) images include Caterpillar pulling house on skids at Nome, children playing marbles, whalers with umiak, Nome waterfront and buildings destroyed in storm, town scenes, salmon drying on rack, Alaska Territorial Guard soldiers in funeral procession, coffin lowered into ground, Alaska Territorial Guard Headquarters Western Division building in Nome, building being pulled down street by Caterpillar in Nome. Part 2 (AAF-278)images include "Muktuk" Marston and Alaska Territorial Guard soldiers, Eskimos in umiaks, Eskimo girls on rocky beach, Alaska Territorial Guard troops being drilled during winter, Arctic fox, old dog, house fire at Nome, Nome street scenes, Al Jones Airways plane, mountain scenery, Alaska Territorial

Guard troops being drilled and Eskimo families.

277-02 Left to right: unidentified, Inez Kungesuk, Fred Big Jim (?)
277-04 Mike Willoya (on left holding gun and wearing cap), Carl Oxerok (far right)
277-06 Left to right: Margaret Kingeekuk, Pansy Omwari
277-07 Left to right: unidentified, Pansy Omwari

AAF-279 [men poling small riverboats & boats at Nome]    color/silent    8 min.    1952-1954
Summary: Images include panorama of mountains and valleys in Interior Alaska, two men poling small riverboat in stream, boats and barges at Nome, Caterpillar moving trailered boat on street, crashed airplane on hillside, Caterpillar moving frame building on street.

AAF-760 [Alaska Territorial Guard]    color/silent    2 min.    1942-1945
Summary: Images at Nome include Alaska Territorial Guard soldier, soldiers moving large wood panels at Nome, Otto Geist in leather coat and hooking up rope to panel.

760-01 Ahnagiaq (?)

North Slope Borough School District Collection

16mm color and b&w 11100ft    raw and production footage    1935-55
Origin: The North Slope Borough School District Collection was donated to the University of Alaska during 1978.

The North Slope Borough School District Collection (NSBSD) consists entirely of film taken of Arctic Slope Eskimo (Inupiaq) villages. North Slope villages are featured with both production and raw footage. Additional information on finished elements in the collection was not located.

AAF-014 Hauling coal at Barrow    color/silent    8 min.    1945-1955
Summary: Hauling coal from Atkasuk (Meade River) coal mine developed by Ed Burnell. Crane with 55-gallon drum used to fill freight car (similar to a railroad car but on a sled). Ruth and Ed Burnell in very windy surrounding, drifting snow, Caterpillar tows freight car which tips on side, it is shoveled out and pushed upright by Caterpillar. At Barrow women shovel out coal, sift, and place in bags.

14-01 Ed Burnell
14-02 Left to right: Ruth Simmonds Burnell and Ed Burnell, traveling to Atqasuk Coal Mine

AAF-083 [Eskimo life]    color/silent    21 min.    1940-1950
Summary: Includes Eskimo dancing and blanket toss, large freight sled of coal pulled by Caterpillar, sled stuck in snow, reindeer pulling sled, reindeer being castrated, reindeer killed and butchered at Meade River (?).

83-01 Salome Akpik (Atafabruuraq/Atafalarulak)
83-02 Left to right: unidentified, Qabbuna (Clayborn Tunik's first wife).

AAF-086 Nunamuit    color/silent    28 min.    1949-1950
Summary: Eskimo life in Anaktuvuk Pass: campsites, sled dogs, women gather firewood, camp life, hunter looks over pass for game, view of Anaktuvuk Pass, caribou swim across river, dogs carry backpacks, men use bow drills to work on snowshoes and other objects, man and woman cut hide into strip, boy plays on sled, Wien ski-plane, boy cuts meat from bone, man fires arrows, children sing and dance, man greases sled runners, man with dead wolf, woman skins wolf, mother puts baby in parka hood, woman harnesses sled dogs, boy cuts meat with ulu, woman uses stone hammer, man carves stone with mitten and hammer, children play on skis and snowshoes, caribou ribs are cut, woman eats from caribou hide, woman trims hide, dogs pull sled of firewood, and bear crosses river.

86-01 Left to right: Rebecca Mekiana and child, Simon Paneak and child - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-02 Simon Paneak - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-03 Maggie Morry - Anaktuvuk Pass.
86-04 Rachel Mekiana Sikvayugak - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-05 Ruth Rulland - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-07 Homer Mekiana - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-08 Left to right: Helge Ingstad, Simon Paneak - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-09 Elijah Kakinya - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-10 Umialaaq and child - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-11 Susie Paneak or Umialaaq (?), and child - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-12 Molly Mekiana Ahgook - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-13 Maptibauraq Anaktuvuk Pass
86-14 Lazarus Rulland - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-16 Simon Paneak - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-17 Elijah Kakinya - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-18 Maggie Morry or Jane Rulland (?) Anaktuvuk Pass
86-19 Amos Morry - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-22 Left to right: unidentified, Laura Rulland, unidentified - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-23 Amos Morry and child - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-24 Maggie Morry with infant Hattie or Jack - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-26 Ruth Rulland - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-27 Simon Paneak - Anaktuvuk Pass
86-28 Dora Hugo - Anaktuvuk Pass

AAF-088 Utkeagvikmiut: The Barrow Eskimo pt.1    color/silent    38 min.    1955-1965
Summary: Activity about travel to and life in Barrow includes Pan American DC-6 travel to Fairbanks and landing at the International airport, animation shows route, Wien DC-3 travel to Barrow and landing at NARL, travel by truck to "Top of the World Hotel", street scenes, man building umiak, children playing, meat removed from underground ice cellar, woman uses pliers to crimp mukluk soles, village scenes, crowd watches baseball game, woman with dogs on sea ice, diagram shows cause of midnight sun, tundra flowers, ice pack, helicopter lands on Coast Guard cutter, Barrow from air, shore birds, men in umiak, arctic fox, traditional sod house at Pt. Barrow, man and and woman look at globe and Eskimo artifacts, Eskimo man with pierced lower lip, Eskimo woman strikes sparks to light cigarette, men make and use black powder explosives to break pack ice, caterpillar tractors push barges to ocean, man skates on ice, barges loaded with freight at ship, freight unloaded on shore, people shopping in small store, Cat train in village, children go to school and do lessons, children play and ice-skate, men use motorized circular saw to cut ice for fresh water, ice is loaded on sled, man fills water cooler with ice, Eskimo woman carries baby in parka to clinic and visits doctor and nurse, dentist works on Eskimo girl, sign made of teeth spells out "neglect", Eskimo woman in hospital bed has tattoo on chin, dogsled approaches village, curled up puppies sleep through snow storm, tractor clears runway, plane flies over village, winter sun and graphic demonstrates cause of short winter daylight.

88-01 Samuel Panningona
88-02 Jennie Nukapigak (Tavvialuk)
88-04 Chester Lampe Sr. Akjieiq
88-05 Itqixiiraq
88-06 Effie Numnik (Atanaaq)
88-07 Kate Brower (Niayuq) at Brower's store
88-08 Miriam Numnik (Quupak)
88-09 Patsy Aamodt
88-10 Left to right: Dorcas Itta Stine and Doreen Simmonds, at old school building
88-12 Jenny Ningeok (on right, facing camera, wearing blue-green shirt), Virginia Oyagak (face showing on left, wearing white barrette). Also possibly pictured: Regina Tuckfield (?)
88-14 Eugene Brower or Gilbert Long (?)
88-15 Carl Ahsoak
88-16 Edna P. Leavitt holding infant
88-17 Edna P. Leavitt holding infant
88-18 Annagutchialuk

AAF-089 Tip Top of the World    b&w/silent    11 min.    1917-1919
Summary: Images include Eskimo people near Barrow herding reindeer, building reindeer corrals out of ice, pulling umiaks across the ice-pack, butchering bowhead whale, washing baleen, blanket toss.

AAF-090 [Eskimo life at Barrow]    color/silent    11 min.    1945-1955
Summary: Eskimo life in Barrow: women with sled dogs outside of houses, traditional underground dwelling during winter, women's choir outside church, wolf on chain, hunter travels in water with kayak, hunter returns with seal, hunter travels by dogsled carrying kayak and seal, blanket toss, and dancing at whaling festival (nulukutuq), villagers pull walrus ashore, villagers butcher walrus.

90-01 School teacher Flossie George Connery

AAF-091 [Barrow, American Pacific Whaling Company] color/silent 12 min. 1945-1955
Summary: Assorted scenes included men and women with puppies, the Will Rogers Wiley Post memorial monument near Barrow, blanket toss, tents and woman with sled dog, Seward docks and street scenes, American Pacific Whaling Station and whale being processed, cargo loaded on ship, (?) Eskimo men in kayaks, group of Eskimo people in Southwest (?) children, girls on ship, and parade in Canadian city.

AAF-092 [Barrow, whale butchering, church]    color/silent    10 min.    1940
Summary: Activities include aircraft approach to Weeks Field at Fairbanks and aircraft approach to river landing on Yukon. Eskimo activity in Barrow includes Pilgrim airplane next to blanket toss, children's games and Eskimo teeter-totter, buildings, dogs pulling sled across ice, woman with sled dog puppies, men posing for camera, church building, children and adults going to church and taking food contributions, Caucasian minister performing religious service, women posing, woman with tattoo, people by buildings, pulling whale onto ice using block and tackle, butchering whale, flying whaling flag, hauling whale meat to village, chopping ice for drinking water.

92-02 Left to right: Joseph Akpik (Aqsiataaq), Warren Matumeak (?).
92-03 Linda Akootchook (?)
92-04 Kate Brower and infant Jamie/James. James died from tonsillitis as child.
92-05 Left to right: Mabel Kalayauk (Nuyaagiq) (?), unidentified, Deborah Solomon (Tuurraq), unidentified, unidentified.
92-06 Andrew Akootchook.
92-07 Mumibana
92-08 Bert Panigeo.
92-09 Sheldon Segevan(Sibvan)
92-10 Kunullaq
92-11 Foster and Hazel Panigeo and family.
92-12 Amy Itta Taalak (girl), Buster Ahkivgak (one of the boys?)
92-14 Left to right: Rev. Roy Ahmaogak, Rev. Fred Klerekoper.
92-15 Left to right: Rev. Fred Klerekoper, Clayborn and Tunik, Rev. Roy Ahmaogak. Clayborn and Qabbunaal Tunik are being married by Rev. Klerekoper
92-16 Francis Panigeo.
92-18 Nellie Panigeo.
92-19 Left to right: Helen Suvlu, Harriet Hopson Qabbuna Tunik.
92-20 Harriet Hopson.
92-21 Helen Suvlu (far left), Kalik Taalak (red waist band).
92-22 Edith Egasak (Sirraun).
92-23 Left to right: Anagi, Nasufuluk
92-24 Left to right: Mrs. Brower (Asiaffataq), unidentified, Flora Leavitt (Aablu), unidentified
92-25 Ellen Ekosik (Nuliatchiaq) or Lottie (Ahlaak) (back left with glasses)
92-26 Flossie Connery or Alice Ahmaogak Glenn

AAF-093 [Ice fishing & whale butchering]    color/silent    9 min.    1945-1955
Summary: Eskimo activity includes people outside traditional dwelling, women chopping hole in ice and jigging, whalers pulling bowhead on to ice using block and tackle, butchering whale, children playing on snow drift by frame building, large frame building, and young boy with flowers.

93-01 Deborah Solomon (Tuurraq)
93-02 Irene Itta and child
93-04 Steve or Fred or Sam Hopson

AAF-094 [Eskimo dancing]    color/silent    10 min.    1945-1955
Summary: Eskimo men and women dance inside frame building at Barrow.

94-01 Alfred Koonaloak
94-02 Mamie Simmonds (Ieuquyuk) (on right)

AAF-095 [Umiaks, reindeer, Barrow]    color/silent    11 min.    1940-1955
Summary: Images include Eskimo people at Barrow in umiaks and onboard freighter, Barrow village, whale bone fenced cemetery, processing reindeer meat, reindeer in large corral, umiaks on ship, and King Island village.

95-05 Paul Sebwenna

AAF-096 Three Eskimo Villages in Northern Alaska color/silent    35 min.    1941-1951
Summary: Images include take-off and travel to Point Hope in Wien airplane, children playing in school yard, sled dogs, residents use sled dogs and umiaks to move supplies from beach and ship, women and children, man cutting sod insulation, women chewing mukluk soles, women scraping hides, man carving mask, villagers perform traditional dances, drummers, men excavate site amd look for artifacts and sail boat arrives. Images at Deering include women and children cleaning fish on beach, man making fish net, net placed in water from skiff and pulled ashore by hand, man painting bottom of wood dory, woman cleaning hide with ulu and float plane is fueled. Images in Anaktuvuk Pass include dog teams by ski plane, gathering firewood, camp with skin-covered tents, hunter glassing mountain pass, butchering caribou, hunter on snowshoes, dogs are harnessed, children, camp with skin houses, hauling wood with dog sleds, children playing, and people in camp.

96-01 Sarah Kingik or Nipik
96-02 Rosemary
96-04 Sam Rock
96-05 Elaine Frankson and child
96-06 Among those pictured: Billy Kinneeveauk (?)
96-10 Esther Frankson
96-12 Left to right: unidentified, unidentified, unidentified, unidentified, Solomon Killigvuk, unidentified, Fred Oktollik
96-13 Left to right: Solomon Killigvuk, unidentified, Fred Oktollik, unidentified, unidentified
96-18 Johnny Taft
96-19 Florence and Johnny Taft (wife and husband)
96-20 Mary Morris
96-21 Fannie Barr Goodhope and child
96-23 Molly Ahgook - Anaktuvuk Pass
96-24 Rebecca Mekiana (?) and child - Anaktuvuk Pass
96-29 Ruth Rulland - Anaktuvuk Pass
96-30 Left to right: Rachel Riley, Ruth Rulland - Anaktuvuk Pass
96-33 David Mekiana -Anaktuvuk Pass
96-34 Rebecca Mekiana - Anaktuvuk Pass

AAF-097 Utkeagvikmiut: The Barrow Eskimo pt. 3    color/silent    31 min.    1955-1965
Summary: Eskimo activity includes men working on dog sleds, hauling dead caribou by dog sled, hunters cleaning caribou, traveling to underground sod houses, underground houses, ice blocks for drinking water are trimmed and put in sled, and children sliding on snow drifts. Activity at Ed Burnell's Atkasuk coal mine includes: raising coal from underground mine by Caterpillar tractor connected to large hoist, coal is emptied into sled mounted coal car pulled by Caterpillar tractor, caucasian man drives tractor pulling two coal cars, men shovel coal into building, and women load sacks of coal. Additional images include man building umiak frame, finished umiak hauled across ice by dog team, hunters camp on ice, hunters sharpen whaling harpoon, meal is prepared on Coleman stove, camp is taken apart and moved by dog sled, dead bowhead whale is butchered by men and women, whaling flags, blanket toss, whale meat is distributed to villagers, elderly woman with tattoo on chin, children play, men and women dance, summer scenery. arctic fox, polar bear cub, caribou, dog sled travel, house burns, and village scenes.

97-01 Ed Burnell. Barrow
97-02 Mary Nukapigak Tegoseak
97-03 Mary Ahyakak
97-04 Thea Faye Sakeagak Bodfish
97-05 Janice Itta
97-06 Joe Sikvayugak (Kuutuuq). House still standing as of 2003
97-07 Left to right: unidentified, Thomas Itta
97-08 Harold Itta
97-09 Thomas Itta Sr.
97-10 David Ahalik (Kutchiq/Kutchiuraq)
97-11 Facing camera, left to right: Loyla Itta (Taqulik), Ellen Kanayuruk or Fannie Panifuluk Keevik
97-12 Martha Ericklook
97-13 Forrest Neakok
97-14 Left to right: Ellen Judy Hopson, Laura Kunaknana, Marie Kunaknana Neakok
97-15 Left to right: Edna P. Leavitt, Elizabeth Thibedeau
97-16 Left to right: Myrtle Matumeak Akootchook, Norman Lampe
97-17 Linn Koganaluk
97-18 Phoebe Kippi with child Ronald or Peter
97-19 Left to right: Mary Coates (in scarf), unidentified child, Rebecca Adams (with ruff up)
97-20 Linn Koganaluk and child Susie Kaigelak
97-21 Ruth Anagi
97-22 Left to right: Eva Toovak, Jane Patkotak
97-23 Jonah Bolt (front left, looking up) Isaac Leavitt (Asisaun) (?) (front right, wearing cap) at Nalukataq
97-24 Left to right: Louisa Jones, Richard Itta, Norman Lampe
97-25 Mrs. Okomailak Alabiaq
97-26 Oscar Ahkinya
97-27 Left to right: Florence Ningeok, Bertha Leavitt.
97-28 Left to right: Louisa Tuuraq Jones or Julia Solomon, Ruby Koonaloak
97-29 Left to right: Floyd Ahvakana, Allieaaluuraq, Orson Kagak. At Nalukataq
97-30 Itqixiiraq

AAF-098 Utkeagvikmiut: The Barrow Eskimo pt.2    color/silent    27 min.    1955-1965
Summary: Eskimo life in Barrow includes man making baleen baskets, woman making mukluks and chewing soles to shape them, man making bracelet from ivory using saw and bow drill, examples of native art from baleen and ivory, Christmas celebration with gift distribution and community dinner, adults playing games of strength, winter scenes and dog team, men warming up and preparing Wien ski plane for flight, small airplane and several buildings burning, polar bear cubs by light airplane, men load sleds and use dog teams to go hunting, hunter cleans snow from dogs feet, activity at inland hunting camp, snow block shelter built at hunting camp, and caribou are killed and taken to camp.

98-01 Marvin Peter
98-02 Left to right: Sadie Neakok, Danny Neakok, Donna Neakok Miller
98-03 Sadie Neakok
98-04 Left to right: Mary Itta, Olive Nungasak, Martha Ericklook, unidentified.
98-05 Burton and Sadie Rexford with infant Janie
98-06 Wesley Ahmakak
98-07 Edward Bolt Pualuuraq (Afurruk)
98-08 Left to right: unidentified, Erroll Okakok, unidentified
98-09 Loyla Itta -Christmas feast
98-10 Left to right: unidentified, Lucy Aiken
98-11 Charlie Ahkiviana (left side, white collar), Thomas Simmonds Sr. (far right, red plaid shirt)
98-12 Left to right: Robert "Big Bob" Aiken Jr., Johnny Aiken
98-13 Douglas Edwardsen
98-14Ruth Pikok
98-15 Alfred Koonaloak
98-16 Betty Brower Kignak
98-17 Thomas Napageak
98-18 Left to right: Jimmy Arey Sr., Thomas Napageak or Ahtuangaruak (?)

AAF-100 [Barrow life]    color/silent    23 min.    1940-1950
Summay: Eskimo life in Barrow includes village scenes, arrival and unloading of small airplane, men next to airplane, Charles Brower walking toward camera, several frame buildings, church, woman packing and unpacking baby (umaq), women and children, sled dogs and puppies, harnessing sled dogs, dog teams, early tracked snowmachine vehicle arrives and pulls sled of ice for drinking water, cutting drinking water ice with axes and saws, large building burns during the night, villagers salvage material from fire scene, harpoon gun and whaling camp, pulling bowhead whale to shore using block and tackle, villagers butchering whale and cut muktuk, whaling celebration (nalukataq), hide is suspended for blanket toss, children playing, men pulling fishing nets, people cleaning hides, men covering umiak with hides, hunters return in boats and unload walrus meat.

100-01 Greta Akpik and infant Walter Akpik Jr.
100-02 Left to right: Mabel Brower Hopson, Edith Panigeo
100-03 Ellen Hopson Kanayurak
100-04 Left to right: School Principal Mr. Berger, Fred Ipalook
100-05 Sam Taalak (sp) (Manuluk)
100-06 Sam Taalak (sp) or Vincent Nageak (?) with walrus head
100-07 Left to right: Roy Ahmaogak, Foster Panigeo

AAF-101 [Reindeer, Barrow, seal hunt]    color/silent    36 min.    1917-1919
(Includes portions of AAF-16, AAF-19,AAF-20, AAF-22, AAF-25, AAF-28, AAF-30 and AAF-32).

Summary: This is a compilation of Eskimo activities from several Van Valin films containing some brief scenes that are not present on other film in the series. Images include reindeer herding, Barrow life and activities at Nome.

Summary: Images include reindeer round-up, herders examine ear tags, reindeer are butchered, hair cut (koocheeruk) using stone knife and wooden board, mail arrives from

Kotzebue, snowhouse construction, dance movements, people go to church during Easter at Barrow, traditional sod houses during winter and summer, skin tent, King Eider duck, man in kayak, village dance, boats with sails, seal hunting (patkotak), hauling seal across ice pack and pressure ridges, sled dogs haul bearded seal up on beach, Eskimos skin bearded seal (oogruk), skin seals are butchered and meat transported with dog supplies are sled, sled dog eating dead dog, midnight sun sequence, supplies hauled in umiak, blanket toss, whaling festival and celebration (nalukatuq). Images at Nome include lightering people to shore, beach mining, race dogs at Nome, Sinuk River, towing umiak, salmon fishing, pipe smoke, drying salmon, and kayak frame.

Doore Collection

16mm color/silent* 7400ft raw & production footage    1955-1965
*Hot Spot Team and Alaskan Sanitation Aide are sound
Origin: The Doore collection was donated to the University of Alaska.

The Doore collection concentrates on Eskimo (Yupik) activity, most notably in the Kotzebue Sound area. Doore filmed while working in the region on Public Health Service projects.

AAF-380 [Unalakleet]    color/silent    20 min.    1960-1965
Summary: Images include aerial view of Unalakleet during 1965, children riding in dump truck, large frame building and ice-flows on shore.

AAF-382 Alaskan Sanitation Aide    color/sound    25 min.    1955-1961
Summary: Story of the training of village men from throughout Alaska between 1955 and 1960 as Alaskan Sanitation Aides to improve sanitation in remote villages.

Images include aerial views of Alaska, Post Office at Shungnak village, Alaska Airlines Norseman, village residents, laboratory training and classwork at the Maynard-McDougal Memorial Hospital at Nome, class in driving well points, men making water barrels, building portable chemical toilets and incinerators, rain water collection systems, classroom work at the University of Alaska, and graduating class members; Rudy Smith, Joe Lomax, Roger Mathum, Ed Patetak, Wilbur Karmun, Roy Vincent, Oscar Nictune, and John Thomas. Additional images include Wien DC-3 departing Fairbanks International Airport, Native women gathering drinking water in buckets during winter, dog teams, children in classroom, net pulled from under ice, and Native people jigging for fish.

AAF-383 Eskimo News Reel Number 1    color/silent    25 min.    1955-1961
Summary: Images at Noorvik include approaching the village from the air, plane landing and children by small boat on river, plane, men working on building, men notching logs, Post Office building, man cutting firewood with chainsaw, and man carrying bag of sugar. Images at Kotzebue include women racing sled dog teams, crowds watch racers, anseveral people have on fancy parkas. Images at Selawik include, village, man and woman pulling net from under ice, picking fish out of net, loading fish on sled and pushing sled. Images at Kivalina include dog sled, village scenes with houses insulated with snow, sled dog with puppies, children ice skating and return to village. People jigging for fish at Kotzebue.

383-02 Pauline George (right)
383-06 Paul Ballot
383-07 Bessie Ballot

AAF-384 Hot Spot Team    color/sound    33 min.    1955-1965
Summary: Story of how tuberculosis was brought under control in Alaska and the role the Alaska Tuberculosis Control Unit played in controlling the disease. Images include Eskimo dancers, children playing and mushing at Holy Cross, Morris Newman and son building and checking fish traps on the river, Public Health Nurse testing villagers for TB, nurse checks tests and finds children with positive test results, Hot Spot Team arrives at Aniak in Wien F-27 and travels to Holy Cross in a Pilatus Porter carrying x-ray equipment, tests are given to patients, classes are given at Holy Cross School, patients are taken to the Alaska Native Medical Center in Anchorage for treatment, following treatment patient is returned home.

AAF-385 [A trip along the Arctic coast]    color/silent    36 min.    1955-1965
Summary: Images include map of Alaska, Arctic Research Laboratory camp at Barrow, ptarmigan and gulls, remote camp buildings, man feeding arctic fox, Caterpillars working, blizzard conditions, quonset buildings, Arctic Fox runs through camp, cross standing in blowing snow, men working on track-mounted drill rig, welder, weasels and other tracked vehicles, men shovel snow, man welding, carpenters working, men next to quonset, DC-3 landing, men set off charges under ice, men fly small kite, man fuels Caterpillar, cat train, traditional houses, weasel tracked vehicle, surveying, and men playing chess.

385-03 Wolfie Ronnellenfitch

AAF-386 [Kotzebue, Holy Cross, Noorvik, University of Alaska]    color/silent    40 min.    1955-1958
Summary: Images at Kotzebue include children playing by traditional housing, hide hanging on line, village scenes, church bell ringing, people jigging for tomcod, Front Street in Kotzebue, dog mushing and dog races. Images of Holy Cross include aerial views of village, small plane landing, and unidentified people. Images at Noorvik include unidentified residents working on outhouse with small children helping, cutting firewood with chainsaw and axes, and pulling fishing net from river ice. Images at the University of Alaska include unidentified men making water barrels from fuel drums by burning grass in drums and painting with rust sealing paint, men playing baseball in front of Eielson Building, tools needed to convert fuel drums are shown and method for cutting tops, Hess Hall, building construction, view of Alaska Range, and men marking fuel drums prior to cutting.

AAF-387 [Reindeer processing in Alaska]    color/silent    27 min.    1955-1965
Summary: Film shows Eskimo reindeer round-up and slaughter house operation in Southwest Alaska. Images include Cessna 170 floatplane, man with backpack and rifle, people in umiak, reindeer are rounded up and herded in corral, reindeer are butchered, women process meat, man sharpens tools, and meat is loaded on Northern Consolidated Airlines F-27.

387-02 Nancy Edwards of Mekoryuk
387-03 Emma Moses of Bethel at Mekoryuk
387-04 Leah Olrun, at Mekoryuk
387-05 Left to right: Emma Edwards, unidentified, at Mekoryuk
387-06 Top: Nellie Joshua, Bottom: Rueben Noratak, Right: Edith Orin at Mekoryuk
387-07 Left to right: Unidentified, Ester David, unidentified

Nevue Collection

16mm color/silent    2400ft    raw footage    1960-1965
Origin: The Nevue collection was donated to the University of Alaska.

The Nevue collection contains both Eskimo (Yupik) and Indian (Athabascan) footage from Western Alaska and the Yukon River region. Nevue filmed at villages and Catholic Missions.

AAF-718 [Nome life & Gambell life]    color/silent    11 min.    1960-1965
Summary: Images include dog races, children playing basketball and stickball, statehood parade, blanket toss and Eskimo dancers at Nome. Other images include Fathers Carroll and Nevue, flight to Gambell Village in Wien aircraft and Gambell Village.

718-02 Dickie James (?) (in back wearing cap), and older brother (in front)
718-03 Vincent A. (last name unknown, front and center), Aloysius Pikonganna (drummer on left), John Olaranna (drummer in center)
718-04 Alfred Ayek (?)
718-07 Marie Sagmiginna (sp)
718-08 Left to right: Lillian Tiulana, Johanna Kokuluk Kane
718-09 Left to right: Barbara Penatac, Lillian Tiulana
718-10 Left to right: Raymond Penatac and sister Barbara or Florence Penatac
718-13 Mary Ellanna with infant Bernadette "Koonie" Ellanna
718-14 Margie Ellanna

AAF-719 [Nulato life and Fairbanks parade]    color/silent    8 min    1960-1965
Summary: Images include cabin building, firewood gathering, fishwheel, village buildings, swimmers and dog races at Nulato. Fairbanks images include elephants and circus performers in the Golden Days Parade.

AAF-720, AAF-721, AAF-722, AAF-723, AAF-724 [Nome & Diomede, Nulato flood, Nome parade & King Island travel, Teller & Diomede village, Nome & Diomede & Wales]    color/silent    21 min.    1960-1965
Summary: Part 1 (AAF-721) images include stormy seas at Nome, Wien plane landing, flight to Diomede Village in Super Cub, villagers jigging for fish, fishing for crab, men launching umiak at Gambell (?), Eskimo children playing at Teller or Nome, women cutting meat with ulus, Wien F-27 lands at Nome, nuns by river, and priest with Eskimo mother and baby.

Summary: Part 2 (AAF-722) images include Nulato during spring flooding, villagers travel past cabins in boats, camp in the woods, helicopter flying over, and Catholic nuns.

Part 3 (AAF-723) images include parade, stormy weather, dredge working, dog races and 1960 parade in Nome. Images at King Island include village life, umiak travel, praying at religious statue and men cuttng hide into strips for lashing.

Summary: Part 4 (AAF-724) images include herding reindeer in corral, tagging reindeer and, building corral, tagging reindeer and butchering reindeer near Teller. Other images include Nome and Teller from air, stormy weather, village houses and jigging at Diomede.

Part 5 (AAF-720) images include parade, raft race and childrens races and school children at Nome. Images at Diomede include people launching umiak and travel to Wales.

721-09 Left to right: Father Nevue, Agatha Patunaq Dahl
723-01 Annie Pikonganna Wilson
723-02 Aloysius Ellanna
723-03 Francis Alvanna (?)
723-04 Ursula Ellanna (left), Barbara Kokuluk (in center wearing red scarf, holding child)

723-05 Left to right: unidentified, unidentified, Bellarmine Alvanna /Bellarmine Seeganna, Robert Koezuna

Hobbs Collection

16mm color/silent    3800ft raw footage    1945-55
The Hobbs collection contains Jesuit missionary activity and King Island Eskimo (Yupik) footage.

Origin: The Nevue collection was donated to the University of Alaska during 1995.

AAF-734    [Alaskan life] pt. 1    color/silent    33 min.    1945-1950
Summary: Images include dog mushing, thick ice running on river during fall, cemetery, gang plank of sternwheeler, fishwheel, conveyor loading fish, nuns and villagers processing fish, priest, drying salmon, kayak, Eskimo women with tattooed chins, sealskin pokes, pulling nets containing small fish, women show parkas, sled dogs, girls jumping on teeter-totter, and chained polar bear cubs.

AAF-735    [Alaskan life] pt. 2    color/silent    30 min.    1945-1950
Summary: Images include Eskimo men making lashing from animal hide, reindeer herd and herders, Eskimo men skinning and butchering reindeer, men butchering whale, people using dip net through ice, and men building and emptying fish trap.

AAF-736    [King Island life]    color/silent    33 min.    1945-1955
Summary: Images include King Island villagers engaged in a variety of activities. Residents fish for crab through the ice, jig for fish, construct an umiak, process whale and seal meat, collect bird eggs, hold puffins, pray in front of statue, launch an umiak, travel by umiak and carry supplies to village. Other images include King Island village and villagers carving ivory on the beach at Nome.

736-01 Inuktuuyuuq and child
736-02 Left to right: Theresa Penatac, Rayfield Sebwenna, Agnes Kunnuk with infant
736-03 Theresa Penatac
736-04 Ursula Ellanna and child

736-05 Left to right: Father LaFortune (?), John (?) Olaranna
736-06 Annie Mayac and child
736-07 Nuyaqak

Peasgood/McRoberts Collection

16mm color/silent*    5550 ft raw and production footage    1946-51
*Gospel of the Far North is sound
Origin: The Peasgood/McRoberts collection was donated to the University of Alaska during 1997.

Ethel Peasgood taught school in Southwest Alaska during the 1940's and Ted McRoberts was a Deputy U.S. Marshall. Their combined collection contains images of Eskimo villages and people (Yupik) in Southwest Alaska. Many traditional activities are highlighted in the images. In addition the collection contains images of the day to day activities of residents of a Moravian Church orphanage on the Kuskokwim River and a finished film, Gospel of the Far North, about Moravian Missionary activity in the region. McRoberts also filmed briefly at the inland (Inupiaq) Eskimo community at Anaktuvuk

AAF-883 [Bethel & Nome & Suntrana]    color/silent    47 min.    1946-1953
Summary: Images at Bethel include Northern Consolidated Airways truck and ice fishing. Images at Nome include soldiers marching and drilling. Additional images include remains of burned building, Native children dressed like Pilgrims on schoolhouse steps, and two Eskimo men making a wood stove out of a fuel barrel. Images near Healy include Suntrana, tent with "For Rent" sign, trucks and people on road near Suntrana, men loading Navion, coal mine buildings, coal seams, coal trucks, company housing, men putting rifles in Navion airplane and coal mine viewed from air.

883-01 Moravian Minister Harry Trodahl

AAF-885 [Fairbanks & Kotzebue & Anaktuvuk]    color/silent    15 min.    1956-1959
Summary:includes: skiing, Piper Tri-Pacer on skis, small cabin, crude roads, Fairbanks Golden Days Parade with marching bands, camping, Kotzebue airport, Nome, moving F.E. Company dredge with Caterpillar tractors, Fairbanks Winter Carnival parade, tents and peeling logs at Anaktuvuk Pass, Riverboat Discovery, small cabin with two elderly men, Cushman Street, sluice box, log church at Anaktuvuk, Cessna 180, Wien Alaska Airlines building at Bettles.

AAF-886 [Bethel & Southwest life]    color/silent    31 min.    1951-1952
Summary: images include ice fishing, Clarks Point village scenes during winter, elderly tattooed Eskimo woman, sweat lodge, airplane and dog team, men oil kayaks, men making wooden kayak parts, harpoon with toggle, man bending wood with teeth, food taken into underground dwelling, grave markers, men showing paddles and other finished work, men cut fuel barrel and make it into a wood stove, hunting camp, walrus tusks and meat, women process meat, women cut dry grass, seal pokes are stored underground, salmon are processed, marine mammals followed by boat, Eskimo man sharpens knife on rock, walrus are butchered and a basket of bird eggs.

886-10 Robert Mute of Kwillingok
886-11 George Chanigkak
886-12 John Phillips
886-13 Tom Nelson
886-16 Nicholas David or Eddie Hoffman or Eddie Watson (?)
886-17 Mamie Paul
886-18 Owen David or George Jacob (?)
886-21 Left to right: unidentified, unidentified, unidentified, unidentified, Adolph Jimmie, Minister Ditmer
886-26 Jean Cook
886-27 Albert Beaver Sr.
886-28 Jacob Nelson
886-30 Margaret Angapak

AAF-887 Gospel in the Far North    color/sound    32 min.    1954-1957
Summary: Moravian Church missionary activities are shown and described along with many traditional Eskimo activities in Southwest Alaska. Images include cutting peat for house insulation, fish trap in river ice, processing salmon and preparing meat, storing seal pokes in the ground, picking potatoes, transportation by boat, ship, airplane, dogsled, cars and kayak, light plane taxis from beach, men in traditional dwelling carve ivory and make kayak frame pieces and other hunting utensils, women sew, Bethel hospital, soldiers drill, church services, man painting mission building, activity at children's home including gardening baking and children playing games, commercial airlines and traditional grave markers.

887-06 Left to right: Ella David, Annie David (?), Katie Nelson
887-07 Moravian minister James Kenegak

AAF-888 [Bethel & Southwest Alaska & Iditarod & airplanes]    color/silent    33 min.    1946-1949
Summary: Images at Bethel include Caterpillar moving quonset hut, street scenes, man hand-propping propeller driven snowmachine or snow scooter, children sledding, men pull net from under ice, dog mushing, small plane on ice, crashed plane, church and street scenes, small boats, picnic, sack race, Al Jones Airways truck, picnic games, boat race, small planes, ship, plowing field, Northern Consolidated Airlines floatplane, children at school, Ted McRoberts with boy, children in costumes outside school and playground, street scenes, Northern Commercial Company at Bethel, people fishing for salmon, fishing boat John T., Al Jones Airways car, church picnic, flooded streets, freighter unloading cargo, cemetery, wedding, street scenes, small plane with landing gear fallen through ice, soldiers leaving building carrying snowshoes, winter scenes, Bethel flooded streets, damaged float plane, B-29 bomber flies over, and commercial fishing. Scenes at Iditarod include Ted McRoberts looking at material at an abandoned bank and placer mining. Other images include moose head in back of pickup, ship, bear cubs, dog sled, hauling freight overland with Caterpillar during summer and winter, and blizzard during winter.

888-02 Left to right: elementary school teacher Ethel Peasgood, unidentified

888-04 Moravian Children's Home
888-05 Left to right: Don Shermer (?), Ted McRoberts in front of dormitory at Moravian Children's Home
888-06 Sophie Lieb (?)
888-12 Left to right: Carrie Anvil, Antone Anvil, unidentified
888-13 Carrie Anvil

AAF-1187, AAF-1188, AAF-1189, AAF-1190, AAF-1191 [Fairbanks & Interior, Yukon River & McKinley & Alcan, 1954 Fairbanks Winter Carnival & Healy, Naknek, Tanacross & Nulato & Chitina]    color/silent    43 min.    1946-1955
Summary: Part 1 (AAF-1187) images at Fairbanks include C-46 at airport, Eskimo blanket toss, view of Second Avenue from the Federal Building, travel on gravel roads in interior Alaska, and parade.

Part 2 (AAF-1188) images include mining operation, fish camp on river, loading barrels on barge, sternwheeler travel, fishwheel, unidentified village, sternwheeler Nenana pushing barge, cemetery, unidentified village, and train crossing bridge at Nenana. McKinley Park images include squirrels, park ranger, visitors on bus and at Polychrome Pass, Eielson Visitors Center and the park hotel. Alcan images include O'Harra Bus Lines bus, unidentified roadhouse and village, men changing flat tire, unidentified village, Yukon River at Miles Canyon, Canadian military awards ceremony, view of Whitehorse, and Whitehorse Rapids. Additional images include sternwheeler travel, dredge at Dawson City, man panning for gold, buildings at Dawson City, sternwheeler Casca on Yukon River, swimming pool, riverfront, small riverboat Snow Goose, small riverboat Godspeed, church and buildings at Fort Yukon, small caterpillar launching fishwheel, river travel, and aerial view of interior.

Part 3 (AAF-1189) images at Fairbanks include dog team with more than 30 dogs pulling trucks, dog races, parade, reindeer pulling sled, parachute jump, and helicopter landing. Images at Healy include school children at recess jumping rope and in mock sword fight. Additional images include Glenn Highway travel, large garden, Canadian Pacific Convair airliner, Asian cannery workers, caterpillar pulling skid with people riding, and woman milking goat. Images outside of Alaska include Glacier National Park.

Part 4 (AAF-1190) images include Sea Bee airplane, cannery activity, Bristol Bay salmon sailing-fleet boats are serviced and towed by tug.

Part 5 (AAF-1191) images include Tanacross village scenes, elderly woman and villagers. Images at Nulato include village scenes. Additional images include Ted McRoberts with dead caribou, Steese Highway travel, cabin, mining operation, log home, and Circle Hots Springs buildings. Additional images include beaver, Liberty Falls on Edgerton Highway, buildings and ghost paintings at Chitina, Copper River fishwheel, Keystone Canyon, Thompson Pass, Richardson Highway travel, women panning for gold, people picking potatoes near Fairbanks, tractor cutting grain at University of Alaska, view of Fairbanks from Federal Building during winter, and men loading small truck.

Machetanz Collection

16mm color/silent    15000ft raw footage    1946-59
Origin: The Machetanz collection was purchased by the University of Alaska in 1970.

The Machetanz collection contains Eskimo (Inupiaq) and Indian (Athapaskan) footage taken by artist, film maker and lecturer Fred Machetanz during his travels in Alaska.

AAF-1098 [Nome & Point Hope & Kotzebue & King Island & Unalakleet]    color/silent    38 min.    1958-1961
Summary: Filmed in several villages in Alaska. Images include Eskimo boys putting on mukluks at Unalakleet. Images at Nome include Statehood parade, blanket toss, high kick and umiak races. Pt. Hope images include sod houses, Eskimo woman outside wall tent making sinew thread and parka, whale bone cemetery fence and woman skinning seal for poke and finished pokes. Kotzebue images include Eskimos butcher walrus, Front Street, tug Helen Lee, and Coast Guard doctor examining children. Additional images include Coast Guard ship, and King Island village. Additional Unalakleet village images include village streets, light airplane taxis on street, gathering potatos and vegetables, Eskimo boys playing finger-pull game, Eskimo men making rawhide (babiche) rope out of skin, people pulling nets and processing salmon, Eskimo women in circle with story beads, girls with story knifes, Eskimo women and children, Eskimo man and boy with kayak, towing and butchering dead beluga whale, and sunset at Unalakleet.

1098-03 Bertha Piscoya and child.
1098-14 Clara Muktoyuk (left), Iaqliq (right, with child).
1098-19 (First name unknown) Anagick (mother of Hannah and Laura Anagick), and child

1098-20 Left to right: unidentified, Hannah Anagick Ahwinona, Laura Anagick Paniptchuk. Hannah and Laura are sisters

Marston Collection

16mm color/silent*     14000 ft raw and production footage    1940's

*People of the Tundra is sound

Collection origin: The Marston collection was donated to the University of Alaska during 1990.

At the onset of World War II an unknown Army Captain in Alaska conceived a unique and untried plan to defend America's far away northern Territory. Captain Marvin "Muktuk" Marston envisioned a "Tundra Army" composed of Eskimo, Aleut and Athabascan Alaska Natives.

Territorial Governor Ernest Gruening agreed with Marston and the Alaska Territorial Guard (ATG) became a reality. ATG members combined their centuries old survival skill and military training to be the eyes, ears and if necessary the lone defenders of Alaska.

Throughout the inception, induction, training and operation of the ATG Marston recorded the events in motion pictures. Recruiting, training and survival activities of the ATG were recorded in several villages. In addition numerous members are clearly identifiable. A fine record of this unique group during World War II exists.

Marston eventually wrote Men of the Tundra: Alaska Eskimos at War telling the story of the ATG, producing two films People of the Tundra and Eskimo Guardsmen about these unsung patriots. Along with the original raw footage this collection is the best surviving visual record of the Alaska Territorial Guard.

AAF-1501, AAF-1504, AAF-1506, AAF-1507, AAF-1508, AAF-1511 [World War II military in Alaska, Alaska Territorial Guard & funeral, Alaska Territorial Guard activity, gold & platinum dredges & Alaska Territorial Guard, Alaska Territorial Guard soldiers drilling, Alaska Territorial Guard & villages]    color/silent    44 min.    1941-1948
Summary: Part 1 (AAF-1501) images include aerial view of mountains, sailors in Juneau, transport plane is unloaded, aerial view of volcanoes and Aleutian Islands, Aleutian battlefields, bomb craters, Kiska Military Cemetery, Japanese Shinto shrine, Little Falls Cemetery, military officers lay wreaths on graves, Navy Jeep with wooden cab, and military officers flying on transport.

Part 2 (AAF-1504) images include Muktuk Marston and Governor Gruening on a platinum dredge, Nome, Marston and Gruening by Woodley floatplane, village scenes, Eskimo women processing salmon, children playing in snow and by light plane on skis, traditional sod house during winter, Aleutian village, village activities, man in kayak, funeral procession at village, and man with lip plugs.

Part 3 (AAF-1506) images include Alaska Territorial Guard (ATG) soldiers, light plane sitting on ice next to supply boat, ice-fishing, village scenes, Caterpillar tractor, quonsets, dog sleds, and house covered with snow and ice.

Part 4 (AAF-1507) images include men with dog teams and kayak, light planes parked on ice, dog teams hauling supplies, village scenes and travel by dog team.

Part 5 (AAF-1508) images include soldiers drill at Ft. Richardson, Chugach Mountains and road, map showing route of Marston's travels, unloading supplies, village scenes and dog team, travel by dog team over ice ridges, hunter shoots seal and retrieves with cord, traditional house and dog team.

Summary: Part 6 (AAF-1511) images include Alaska Territorial Guard scouts training, Eskimo people and village scenes, unloading barge at Nome, and Marston with polar bear mascot.

1504-1: Marvin R. "Muktuk" Marston
1504-04 Left to right: "Muktuk" Marston, unidentified, Governor Ernest Gruening

1504-23 Left to right: John Nokowallera, William/Willie Alexie, Paul Black, Matthew Willie/Panigkag Willie, Oscar Larson
1504-24 Left to right: John Nokowallera, William Alexie/Willie Alexie, Paul Black, Matthew Willie/Pangkag Willie, Oscar Larson
1504-25 Left to right: Allen Stone/Yuvaaq, Iquanqucin Fox, unidentified, Caigaq Kilbuck/Cailgaq Kilbuck
1504-26 Left to right: Iquangucin Fox, James Ayagalria/Jimmy Ayagalria, Jack Kernak, John Aluska, unidentified, unidentified
1504-27 Left to right: Jack Kernak, John Aluska, unidentified, Matthew Willie, Walter Frye, Gabriel Stone
1504-28 Left to right: Matthew Frye, John Nokowallera

1504-38 Susie Shavings (in pink parka, third from right)
1504-39 Left to right: Harry Shavings, Excelia Kolorek, Robert Mike, Selma Davis, unidentified, Kay Hendrickson (?) — People of Mekoryuk

AAF-1502, AAF-1503, AAF-1505, AAF-1509, AAF-1510 [World War II Alaska Territorial Guard, traditional houses & villages and reindeer, ATG activity & villages, ATG & village life, village scenes] color/silent    41 min.    1940-1948
Summary: Part 1 (AAF-1502) images include parked plane, Alaska Territorial Guard (ATG) members drill with rifles, C-47 supplies dog teams and departs, Otto Geist (in brown leather coat) and men stack building sections and load barge at Nome, supply boat leaves Nome, beluga whales are butchered, Eskimo whaling festival, and reindeer hooked to dogsled.

Part 2 (AAF-1503) images include village activity, ATG members in pie-eating contest, reindeer herd, men butcher reindeer, men paddle umiak, gold dredge, and hydraulic giant working.

Summary: Part 3 (AAF-1505) images include village scenes, ATG scouts with rifles and drilling, Marston dressed in furs with dogteam approaches camera, ATG men scramble up snowdrift at Unalakleet, aerial views of rivers, Wien Alaska Airlines plane with people gathered around, fish dry on oil drums. Summary:

Part 4 (AAF-1509) images include village scenes, log cabins and tents, marten and fox pelts are displayed, dog teams, child on skis, clothes hung on line, men and boys hopping on ice floes, native people sitting in lean-to share food, reindeer herd, ATG soldiers carry flags, Muktuk Marston and Governor Gruening review troops and with men in front of Woodley floatplane, Alaska Airlines four-engined plane, mushing dogs, people jigging for fish through the ice, portraits of villagers, aerial views of mountains, men loading cargo plane, and supply boat on ocean next to Summary:

Part 5 (AAF-1510) images include Eskimo people landing and butchering beluga whale, Muktuk Marston chewing on large piece of whale meat, reindeer, village scenes, Governor Gruening by old car in village, native man with traps, native men hunting on ice-pack, man with kayak, village scenes, and Army officers next to umiak frame.

1509-04 Left to right: Billy Rich/Reich's father, unidentified
1510-02 Left to right: Mulaoye Ivanoff, Stephan Ivanoff, husband and wife from Unalakleet

1510-05 Left to right: Mrs. Shattsneider, unidentified, Reverend Shattsneider of the Moravian Church

  AAF-1512, AAF-1515, AAF-1516, AAF-1517, AAF-1522 [ATG activity & Russian aircraft, Russian Orthodox Church & ATG, Governors Gruening & Dewey & ATG activity, Nalukataq]    color/silent    47 min.    1941-1951
Summary: Part 1 (AAF-1512) images include fighters and bombers with Russian colors at Ladd Field or Nome, Jeep with follow me sign in Russian and English, C-47 follows jeep, Russian pilots and crews, dog team at Nome, sunset, Marston looking at grave houses in cemetery, Eskimo women and children, religious procession departs church, Eskimo people, Eskimo boys salute camera, old-timer with beard, float plane and boat in Southeast Alaska, aerial view of cannery, Alaska Territorial Guard (ATG) soldiers pose for camera, Eskimos butcher whale, Marston demonstrates rifle to ATG soldiers, mushing in very low-light, Eskimos jigging through ice, Marston and Sammy Mogg mushing, large group of children pose for camera, and funeral procession.

Part 2 (AAF-1515) images include ATG soldiers drill, dead wolves, village scenes, group of Eskimos around light plane on skis, Marston with polar bear cub, rack with hides, ATG men around red aircraft, village during windy winter day, sod houses, Russian Orthodox Church and cemetery, group of Eskimos in parkas, Marston posing by Jeep, sled dogs and dog sleds mushing, ATG troops drilling.

Part 3 (AAF-1516) images include aerial views of mountains, Eskimo family next to kayak on a rack, mushers loading sleds and mushing, mushers next to supply boat Trader which is frozen in ice, Marston in fur parka, several ATG soldiers with hares that were hunted for food, coastal village, Marston sitting next to dog team eating canned food, feeding dogs, dog teams by C-47, soldiers drill, dog teams next to crack in ice and at village, and three Eskimo girls with Bibles.

Summary: Part 4 (AAF-1517) images include graphics from Eskimo Guardsman, dog teams and reindeer team mushing, supply boat Trader leaving Nome, troops drill, Eskimo dancers at whaling festival, Alaska National Guard building at Nome, blanket toss, dog teams by C-47, ATG members target practice, Governor Gruening and Governor Dewey depart C-47, Alaska National Guard at Ft. Richardson, rifle range at Nome, men loading barge at Nome, ATG soldiers drill on ice and Marston mushing on the Yukon River.

Part 5 (AAF-1522) images include ATG soldiers drill, whale bone cemetery fence at Pt. Hope, Eskimo people at whaling festival, Eskimo women chewing mukluk soles to soften the hide, blanket toss, flippers being cut and distributed, ATG soldiers in groups with rifles standing up and leaning together and Eskimo dancers.

1515-05 Loretta Sinnok (4th from left, in light blue), Beatrice Davis (far right)
1515-06 Loretta Sinnok (3rd face from left, in light blue), Orella Brown (top, 3rd from right, next to Hattie), Hattie Ningenlook (top, 2nd from right, barrette in hair)
1515-07 Left to right: Ella Eningowuk, Loretta Sinnok

1515-08 Kara and George Ahgupuk
1515-09 Signaq Kokeok (sp?)
1515-10 Left to right: Grace Tocktoo and sister Flora Davis

AAF-1513, AAF-1514, AAF-1519, AAF-1520, AAF-1521 [ATG & villages, ATG supply boat, ice & Marston and Russian airplanes, Point Hope & ATG supplies, ATG & village activities, Palmer & Alaska travel]    color/silent    47 min.    1941-1955
Summary: Part 1 (AAF-1513) images include view of landing at unidentified airstrip in large aircraft, Alaska National Guard building and guardsmen, Governor Dewey of New York, Alaska National Guard building at Nome, Eskimo drummers and dancers, Eskimo hunters on ice pack, and graphics from Marston films.

Part 2 (AAF-1514) images include Alaska Territorial Guard members drill with rifles, flowers, ATG members load small boat, supply boat, villages and ATG soldiers drill wearing World War I helmets.

Summary: Part 3 (AAF-1519) images include C-47 fly by, dog teams hauling freight, wall tent, ATG supply boats, wall tent camp, ATG soldiers drill, whale bone fence around cemetery at Pt. Hope, people fishing with nets from shore, soldiers drill, Eskimo children jump on teeter-totter, soldiers stack ammo boxes, dead waterfall, Charlie Traeger, two military men on ice pack, supply boats and umiak, and dog sleds with mail.

Part 4 (AAF-1520) images include men and dog sled, gravel road, women in parkas, Marston and airplane, women on beach, blanket toss, ATG soldiers drill near church, Eskimo children and families, Eskimo drummers, aerial view of mountains, airplane on floats, Marston onboard ship, ATG soldiers drilling, village and store, man on raft, village, fishwheel, and man shooting at marine mammals. Additional images include camping, gardening, children, waterfront, children fishing, Traeger's store at Unalakleet, Marston and Charlie Traeger, sled dogs, and Dexter's Trading Post and buildings at Golovin.

Part 5 (AAF-1521) images include aerial view of mountains, Eskimos butcher beluga whales, Marston mushing on ice with Eskimos, mountains, log church at Palmer and farms in the Matanuska Valley, downtown Anchorage, Sourdough Roadhouse on the Richardson Highway, float planes on beach, mushing and camp on ice-pack, dog team near aircraft, Alaska Territorial Guard members at funeral, people getting on Alaska Railroad train during American Legion trip to McKinley, Sourdough Bill Cartage and Express truck, dog mushing, and sport fishing.

1520-04 Napaskiak people
1520-05 Napaskiak people
1520-06 Napaskiak people
1520-07 Napaskiak people
1520-09 Left to right: No I.D., Mary Antisarlook "Sinrock Mary"/Maggie Lind (?)
1520-16 John Ahwinona
1521-03 Left to right: Eddie Hopson Sr., Al Hopson Sr.
1521-07 Eddie Hopson Sr. (wearing glasses)

AAF-1523, AAF-1524, AAF-1525, AAF-1527 [Nome airfield & ATG, Eskimo villages & ATG, cemetery & Eskimo activity]    color/silent    40 min.    1940-1950
Summary: Part 1 (AAF-1523) images include Eskimo people pulling nets holding fish onto shore, snow-blower, Lend-Lease bombers with Russian identification at Nome airfield, Governor Dewey of New York during visit, Quonset huts, Eskimo hunters on icepack, wolf chained in dog yard, reindeer herd and harnessed reindeer, Jeep with "Follow Me" in English and Russian, Alaska Territorial Guard (ATG) troops drill, village, Eskimos landing umiaks, pilot by C-47 with "King Chris" painted on nose, whaling festival activity, and small sternwheeler.

Summary: Part 2 (AAF-1524) images include Eskimos with dog teams and in boats, military aircraft, village activity, men building log structure, group of Eskimos, children on teeter-totter, bear cub, aircraft buried in snow, military officers look at Alaska map, boys in pie-eating contest, ATG troops training, man with net catching birds (?), fishwheel, ice fishing and village scenes.

Part 3 (AAF-1525) images include people depart steamship, Fourth Avenue in Anchorage, cabin by lake, campfire cooking, bison, sign with "Turnagain Heights By the Sea", men working on fishing net and catch and dry fish, men working on Turnagain Heights By the Sea clearing land with Caterpillar and look at plans, and men cleaning moose.

Part 4 (AAF-1527) images include cemetery, birds, village activity, ships, Eskimo women with rifles, wall tents, Eskimo men in wood boat, women sewing, Eskimo people gather around plane, ocean, village along river during summer, ATG troops training and whaling festival activity.

1523-05 Norma Rich

AAF-1528, AAF-1529, AAF-1530, AAF-1532, AAF-1533, AAF-1534 [Barrow and whaling festival, Aleutian cemeteries, Kotzebue and Selawik, caribou hunt, whaling and skiing and military, Eskimo activity and burned plane]    color/silent    45 min.    1940-1950
Summary: Part 1 (AAF-1528) images at Barrow include ships, Wiley Post and Will Rogers memorial, piles of lumber, Caterpillar, people walking through deep mud, beluga pulled to shore, Eskimo people playing cards, seal poke, women skin seals, people gather for whaling festival and eat, muktuk is passed out, men with guns and harpoon.

Part 2 (AAF-1529) images include aerial view of Aleutian Islands, rusting military equipment and ships at Attu (?), Kiska Military Cemetery, salmon spawning, Little Falls Cemetery, ceremony at cemetery, military buildings and aircraft, Governor Gruening and military officers.

Part 3 (AAF-1530) images at Kotzebue include Wien Alaska Airlines office, village scenes, ice-fishing, airplanes in snow and snow drifts. Additional images include the Post Office at Selawik, village scenes and a Northern Consolidated airplane.

Part 4 (AAF-1532) images include float plane travel, hunting camp, men hunting caribou, men buildiing log cabin and small boat,

Summary: Part 5 (AAF-1533) images include Eskimo hunters, cutting up beluga, umiaks and dog sleds and hunting camp. Additional images include downhill skiing near Anchorage, soldiers marching at Ft. Richardson and military band.

Part 6 (AAF-1534) images include Eskimo people, village scenes, moose, men saw logs, woman with bear cubs, blanket toss, barge in ocean, man with puppies and small airplane burning.

1528-01 Harold and Eva Downey (husband and wife) or Chester and Tillie Seveck, husband and wife
1528-02 Etta Leavitt Lord

AAF-1531, AAF-1535, AAF-1536 [Villages and subsistence activity, King Island dancers and village, ATG soldiers and Aleutian village]    color/silent    44 min.    1940-1950
Summary: Part 1 (AAF-1531) images include soldiers raising flag outside of Alaska National Guard building, Wien Alaska Airlines office in village, children playing, men with cameras, Selawik village scenes, Selawik Post Office, reindeer being tied up, dog sleds, wall tents, seal hunting, hunters with harpoon and guns, whale meat is divided, seal pokes and women skinning seals.

Part 2 (AAF-1535) images include Native woman and child, moose, village scenes, women skin seals, men in coveralls, and King Island dancers. Additional images include title frames from "Alaskan Dall Sheep", scenery, Dall sheep, woman chewing mukluk soles, polar bear cubs on chains, mountain scenery, men in front of Arctic Adventurers Club building and Northern Consolidated airplane.

Part 3 (AAF-1536) images include Star Airways float plane, aerial view of mountains, mushing, Alaska Territorial Guard (ATG) soldiers drill, store at unidentified village, log raft, Aleutian village scenes, Russian Orthodox church, ATG soldiers clean rifles, fishwheel. man shoots and retrieves seal, Governor Gruening with people next to building in Aleutian village, village scenes, supply boat Trader near shore, group of wall tents, eaglets, soldiers drill, sod house, whale bone fence at Pt. Hope cemetery, children pull net with small fish, Eskimo girls on teeter-totter, men unload supplies, ATG soldiers inspect rifles and drill, man wearing fur coat, sea ice moving along shore, ATG painting in Juneau, Muktuk Marston in cap with ATG pictures, Matanuska Valley during fall, downtown Fairbanks, lake ice, downtown Juneau, glacier, and float plane takes off from Auke Lake.

AAF-1537 [ATG activity and 4th of July in Nome]    color/silent    30 min.    1940-1950
Summary: Images include map showing Marston's journey to recruit soldiers for the Alaska Territorial Guard (ATG) during World War II, Matanuska Valley during fall, Dall sheep, small boats, dog mushing, Mt. McKinley, Auke Lake brown bears, sheep, Marston in uniform with group of natives, village scenes, elderly native man with labarets, net with salmon is pulled to shore, salmon are cut up and some are put in hole in the tundra, reindeer, mushers loading sleds, conical-shaped fish trap, Marston mushing, supply boat Trader frozen in ice, men hunting and with hares, children on teeter-totter, Marston sitting next to sled and climbing ice ridge, Marston and Sammy Mogg mushing, ATG troops drill, mushing, Marston with husky, DC-3 with King Chris on side and pilot Jack Jefford (?), plane lands at Little Diomede (?), propeller driven snowmachine, children with ice-cream cones, King Islanders on beach at Nome, Nome 4th of July parade, Russian officers watch parade, pie-eating contest, boats with Eskimos arrive at Nome, and ATG troops in World War I helmets drill with rifles.

1537-01 Left to right: Bertha and Lucy Whitman
1537-04 Left to right: Unidentified, Joe Moses, unidentified, Bertha Andrew, George King, Richard Tom
1537-05 Edna Kolorek
1537-07 Alice Smith (?)
1537-08 Left to right: Betty and Luke King
1537-10 Katherine Toots
1537-13 Molly Ahkiviana (?)

1537-18 Left to right: Ella Eningowuk, Loretta Sinnok
1537-19 Kara and George Ahgupuk

AAF-1538 [Barrow & Nome & village life]    color/silent    22 min.    1940-1950
Summary: Images include mushers using reindeer. Images at Barrow include village scenes, Post-Rogers memorial, small boat in ocean, Caterpillars, people walking in deep mud, large quonset under construction, Eskimo women working on building construction, small boats, net of fish is pulled to shore, men loading food into container and lowering it into ground and men working on large quonset. Additional images include Muktuk Marston inside large building with group of Alaska Territorial Guard (ATG) members, blanket toss, two small Eskimo boys in cowboy outfits, and dog teams hauling freight unloaded from Alaska Airlines DC-3 or C-47. Images near Nome include Alaska National Guard building and snow blower at Nome airport. Additional images include Marston and soldiers loading food cache, Alaska Native pilot and small blue and yellow plane, village during storm, funeral during dark winter day, musher with dog sled and kayak, several dog teams mushing, chained wolf, and village scenes. 

1538-02 Left to right: Harry Mike, "Muktuk" Marston  

AAF-1539 [Ft. Richardson & ATG & Lend-Lease aircraft with Russian markings at Nome]    color/silent    5 min.    1940-1950
Summary: Part 1 (AAF-1539) images include stream, squirrel on picnic table, map of Alaska and United States, Ft. Richardson sign and buildings, group of Eskimos in parkas, pilot with small plane, men on top of traditional dwelling, military men cross small stream, sign reading: Fort Richardson 1940, Marston and chained polar bear cubs. Images at Barrow include men pushing small boat into water, rusty ship, men shaking hands (Archie Ferguson?), children blowing bubbles with gum. Additional images include Muktuk Marston with salmon, dog team, flag is lowered, and men load small boat. Images at Nome include man and women standing next to small plane, Lend-Lease aircraft in Russian colors at airfield, Eskimo girls, dog team on street, people leaving church, and men turning props on B-24.

AAF-1540 Eskimo Guardsmen    45 min.    1940-1950
Summary: Silent film showing the establishment of the Alaska Territorial Guard during World War II and the eventual establishment of the Alaska National Guard in 1951. Some title frames are used in the film. Images include Colonel Marston and Governor Gruening swearing in soldiers at a number of remote locations. Eskimo Guardsmen drill with weapons, engage in a mock battle, unload supplies, load a barge with prefab building panels, and drill in uniform with World War I style helmets. Colonel Marston travels by dog team and with reindeer hooked to a sled while recruiting beluga whale and butcher a bowhead whale. Guardsmen and other Eskimo people divide whale meat, participate in a blanket toss and dance. Colonel John D. Alexander travels by Republic Sea Bee and meets with soldiers. Men fill survival containers and taste multi-purpose food. Colonel Lars L. Johnson takes command of the Guard during a ceremony.

Soldiers practice at rifle range, eat at outdoor mess and march in parade at Anchorage.

1540-01 Left to right: Betty King, Luke King, Governor Ernest Gruening, George Williams
1540-04 Left to right: Grace Tocktoo and sister Flora (Davis ?)
1540-06 Left to right: unidentified, Lawrence Etukeok

AAF-1543 [Skiing and Alaska Territorial Guard]    color/silent    28 min.    1940-1965
Summary: Images include children with salmon, military officers flying to Aleutian Islands, Governor Gruening with military officers, troops parade at Ft. Richardson, flight crew leaves building at Nome, downhill skiers near Anchorage, ski jumping, troops parade, aerial view of mountains, Muktuk Marston with Alaska Territorial Guard poster, quonset hut, snow blower at Nome, Consolidated air plane, group of Eskimos pose on platform, Alaska Territorial Guard (ATG) members next to small red airplane, supplies are transferred from the boat "Trader" to smaller boats, Marston on "Trader", aerial view of Nome and King Island ivory carvers. Additional images at Nome include 4th of July races, pie-eating contest, high-kick contest, wrestling, blanket-toss, and three-wheeled scooter pulled by dogs. Additional images includse old sternwheeler, Otto Geist in brown leather coat and ATG members loading freight at Nome, Alaska National Guard parade on 4th Avenue in Anchorage, ATG members mushing dog teams, Marston, "Trader" frozen in ice for winter, and men unloading dogsleds.

AAF-1544 [Governor Gruening and Alaska Territorial Guard soldiers]    color/silent    17 min.    1940-1948
Summary: Images include sternwheeler, Eskimo dancers, bear cub, Eskimo men gathering eggs and catching birds in flighty, tent, umiaks, loading freight at Nome, hauling meat with dog sleds, Governor Gruening swearing in Alaska Territorial Guard members, ATG members with rifles and during marching drills, Muktuk Marston, snowblower at Nome, ATG headquarters at Nome (image reversed), Governors Gruening and Dewey, title screens and map, dog team and reindeer hooked to sled, Muktuk Marston with puppy and swearing in ATG members, dog team travel, aerial view of mountains, tied bear cubs, Governor Dewey in red parka, and aerial view of mountains.

AAF-1544-01 Sam Fullmoon (?)

AAF-1545, AAF-1549, AAF-1550 [Turnagain and Nenana and Statehood committee, fishing and Barrow life, Trip down the Yukon during 1952]    color/silent 50 min.    1940-1958
Summary: Part 1 (AAF-1545) images include Alaska Territorial Guard soldiers in parkas, vegetables, elderly men, Eskimo dancing, mushing down the street in Nome, Muktuk Marston eating muktuk, children on teeter-totter, Eskimo children dancing, ATG soldiers, post-war parachute drop at Creamers Dairy in Fairbanks, sign reading "Turnagain by the Sea", new homes in subdivision, Marston with cabbage, paving streets in Turnagain during 1954, waterfront at Nenana, boat on the Tanana River, village by river, village on hill above river, and river scenes. Images at Washington D.C. include Ernest Gruening greeting Alaska Airlines airplane with "Ship of State Statehood Committee" painted on the side and committee members posing with forty-nine star flag. Additional images include building construction at Barrow, men unloading C-47 or DC-3 with "Dewliner" painted on nose, aerial views of the coast, Beechcraft 18, and aerial view of coast taken from yellow biplane.

Part 2 (AAF-1549) images include Marston and military men sport fishing from boat in ocean. Additional images at Barrow include unusual twin-boomed monoplane with single rear wheel taking off, sign on building for Guy Okakok reporter for the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner, and Barrow scenes.

Part 3 (AAF-1550) images include Nenana buildings, sternwheeler "Elaine C.", men loading red boat ,village along river, small barge, men swimming, village on hill, cemetery, large buildings in village, placer mine, black dog attacking dragline shovel, people on beach at Unalakleet, Charles Traeger and women, salmon drying, man shooting rifle and sunset. Alasa Territorial Guard (ATG) images include Marston and Governor Gruening on dredge with jars of gold and platinum, men loading boats, village waterfront, Governor Gruening next to whale bones, ATG soldiers buying supplies and with Governor Gruening, wooden buildings, aerial view of coast and mountains. ATG soldiers in World War 1 uniforms drillvillage scenes, Governor Gruening with women, Eskimo man looks at polar bear hide, Gambell Prestbyterian Mission, village scenes, ATG member with seal poke, Nome streets, polar bear on chain, and rack with furs drying.

1545-02 Left to right: John Nokowallera, William Alexie/Willie Alexie, Paul Black, Mathew Willie/Panigkag Willie, Oscar Larson
1545-03 Left to right: Matthew Frye, Wassillie Atsitmok, Zachariak Temple
1545-04 Left to right: Allen Stone/Yuvvaq, Iquangucin Fox, Caigaq Kilbuck/Cailgaq Kilbuck
1545-05 Left to right: Iquangucin Fox, James Ayagalria/Jimmy Ayagalria, Jack Kernak, John Aluska, unidentified, unidentified
1545-06 Left to right: Matthew Frye, John Nokowallera
1545-09 Olinka George of Akiachak
1550-04 Left to right: unidentified, Stephan Ivanof and wife

1550-06 Henry Nashalook (in center wearing light-colored shirt)

AAF-1546 [Alaska Territorial Guard, skiing, Aleutian cemeteries and jade]    color/silent 40 min.    1942-1947
Summary: Images include aerial views of mountains and glaciers, farmer harvesting potatoes, Governor Gruening feeding goats, army officers, downhill skiers, ski jumping, Alaska Territorial Guard troops marching, ATG supply boat, ATG soldiers march and drill in various villages, Eskimo people at Gambell village, men loading small boat, supply ships, light plane, Colonel Marston with large jade rock on backpack, Eskimo women row boat, whalebone fence around cemetery, Eskimo blanket toss, Eskimo dancing, distribution of whale meat, aerial view of smoking volcanoes, Governor Gruening with officers at Little Falls Cemetery, Kiska Cemetery, and Aleutian battlefields.

AAF-1547 [Kobuk and Turnagain by the Sea]    color/silent    28 min.    1941-1948
Summary: Alaska Territorial Guard images include Muktuk Marston and other guard members mushing dog sleds on the trail and light plane landing on gravel spit. Kobuk area images include elderly couple, Kobuk Post Office, Eskimo girls row Marston in boat, men with back packs hauling jade rocks, small mining operation, villagers with jade, ancient tools and jade, and elderly white-haired man. Additional images include title frame "Homesteading Alaska", map, family departs on Alaska Steamship, Anchorage street scenes, picnic, bison, salmon, sign reading "Turnagain Heights by the Sea", Marston fixing fishing net, set net is pulled to beach and salmon are processed, people arrive at clearing in Jeep and set up camp, Caterpillar clearing land, people working around cabin, dead moose on flatbed truck, men skinning moose, bear cub playing with dog, and Marston holding head of cabbage and small baby.

1547-09 Genevieve Sheldon

AAF-1548 People of the Tundra    color/sound    49 min.    1951-1959
Summary: Marvin "Muktuk" Marston, former commander of the Native Scouts utilized by the Alaska Territorial Guard during World War II gives his personal views of Native life. Marston shows scenes of Eskimo whaling and festivals, fishwheels and preserving fish in pits along the Yukon River, sternwheelers, dog playing with bear cubs. Diomede Island images include Eskimo men climbing cliffs and harvesting bird eggs, and hunter catching birds using decoys and a long pole with a small net. Nunivak Island images include funeral services for a departed elder. Additional images include Governor Gruening's recruitment of Alaskan Natives into the Alaska Territorial Guard, construction of Alaska Territorial Guard facilities by Eskimo women, Marston and Sammy Mogg traveling by dogsled to recruit members of the Alaska Territorial Guard, and use of reindeer to replace sled dogs. Additional images include Russian pilots and American Lend-Lease aircraft painted in Russian colors at Nome, Alaska Territorial Guard soldiers, Nome street scenes, propeller driven snowmachine, dogs pulling three-wheeled cart, Eskimo children, and portraits of several people.

AAF-1551 [Parachute drop and Alaska Territorial Guard]    color/silent    34 min.    1941-1951
Summary: Images include military parachute drop at Creamers Field during mock invasion in Fairbanks, Alaska Territorial Guard (ATG) members mushing with dog sleds and reindeer. Images at Barrow include individual Eskimos, memorial marker for Wiley Post and Will Rogers, small boat, Caterpillars, people in deep mud, quonset under construction. Additional images include beluga whale on shore, and processing beluga whales, construction crew of women working on building at Barrow, large group of ATG members inside building, blanket toss, and Eskimo children dressed as cowboys. Additional images include Alaska Airlines DC-3 or C-47 and dog sleds, Muktuk Marston in parka, Alaska National Guard building at Nome, Army Cessna 195, net pulled from under ice, village scenes, Marston and enlisted man, men loading ATG survival container with canned food, coastal town in Southeast, sign reading; "Wien Alaska Airlines Midnight Sun Theater", snowy trees, Marston with moose calf, 1951 dog races at Anchorage, Eskimo men gathering eggs from rookery and catching birds using a small net on a long pole, mountains, street at Nome or Barrow, weather balloon is released, musher with kayak, several ATG members mushing, Eskimo children blowing bubbles with bubble gum, couple departs sod house and rub noses.

1551-02 Etta Lord
1551-03 Molly Qiubaq

1551-04 York Wilson
1551-07 Left to right: Miriam Numnik (Quupak), Polly Tegoseak and child, Emma Tukle
1551-08 Al Hopson Sr. (far left)

Trodahl-Schwalbe Collection

8mm 650ft    b&w/silent    raw footage    1936-1940
Origin: The Trodahl-Schwalbe collection was donated to the University of Alaska during 2000.

The Trodahl-Schwalbe collection was added to the project after being donated to the university. The collection was filmed in Southwest Alaska by Moravian missionaries and includes considerable footage of Yupik activities in the region. In addition a considerable amount of documentation accompanied the collection.

AAF-5054, AAF-5055, AAF-5056 [Travel up river, travel down river, reindeer round-up] b&w/silent    34 min.    1936-1938
(Part 1 is AAF-5053)

Summary: Part 2 (AAF-5054) images include Billy Drebert with passenger Annie Helmich on dog sled trip to Moravian Children's Home, Freida Jacobson ringing school bell at Children's Home, Mr. Drebert in front of house, Grace Schattschneider putting daughter Millie out to play, Mr. Drebert and Mr. Schattschneider with dog team going to wood camp, Mildred Siebke walking on boardwalk, reindeer meat hanging from tree at wood camp and tent, and men leaving wood camp by dog team. Images at Tuluksak include unidentified Eskimo people, church, children coming out of school, teachers Mr. and Mrs. Byrd with daughter Joan, children running home after school, and men with fish traps between Tuluksak and Akiak. Images at Akiak include Eskimo women in fine parkas, Mr. Drebert in door of church, Mr. Kawagaleg, Harry Trodahl in suit in front of church, hospital, school, teachers Mr. and Mrs. Romaine and John Snow, unidentified nurse in doorway, Harry Trodahl with kids, Mr. and Mrs Snow, dogs, unidentified Eskimo girl who worked for the Snows, and Harry with Mr. Drebert with dogsled and kids. Images at Akiachak include Mr. and Mrs. McDonald the teacher and maintenance man and Mrs. McDonald.

Summary: Part 3 (AAF-5055) images taken during Kuskokwim trip include Chapel, Yupik graves with owners belongings and coffins above ground, Eskimo parishoners in small camp, Jim Kinegak on left (one of first men ordained as a Moravian minister) with parishoners. Images at Kwigillinghok include sod houses, school, teacher Mrs. McGee in front of Church with several unidentified Eskimos, Sunday School class, inside school and buildings next to church. Additional images include Chris Christiansen and daughter Mary with boat brought from Seattle to Alaska, twin Eskimo children, Christina and Mary Christiansen by family Trading Post, old man Straus, Mrs. Straus and child, and unidentified man on Kashige. Images at Kipnuk include people coming to church and school, teachers Mr. and Mrs. Foster Jones (Jones was killed by Japanese soldiers on Attu and Mrs. Foster interred in Japan during W.W.II), houses in Kipnuk, and Mary Gregory's father Mr. Mute with dogsled. Additional images include poor people in town (Kipnuk), stopped for tea on trail, Jim Kinegak, loaded sled. Images at Bethel include Harry Trodahl, Ray Peterson and Fred Schwalbe cutting ice for drinking water, Ray Peterson with Fred Sunberg and Fred Schwalbe with shovel, Harry Trodahl cutting through ice with saw with Peterson and Schwalbe, Bobby Gierke trader in Bethel pulling out chunk of ice, Frank Snyder in front of truck that Fred Schwalbe was drowned in December 2, 1937. Plane piloted by John Littley landing on small island in front of Bethel, Gertrude Schwalbe (Trodahl) taking coffee to men. Images taken when houses were moved due to erosion during 1938 include Albert Schmidt directing tasks, Lorek Samuelson, Dan the horse hauling timbers, Sammy Andrew, Jm Kenegak, deaf mute called "Dummy", rolling houses, Mrs. Schmidt under house, Mission Lake at Bethel,

Summary: Part 4 (AAF-5056) images include reindeer round-up between Akaik and Akiachak, workers have coffee, deer in corral, deaf mute Eskimo man identified as "Dummy", Harry Trodahl, teacher Mr. McDonald on right, workers marking deer with ear clips, deer put through chute and counted, Mr. McDonald and government inspector Sam Kendricks on right, men wrestling deer to ground, Moses Jordan with small deer, travelling back to Akiak after round-up, and Mr Drebert and Harry crossing open stream during March. Images at Painghak include dog sled in town, child playing with doll and leaving town. Images at Koklagpak a "suburb" of Nanvagnagtlek include sod hut with family, fish cache with wolf skin stretched on side and children and dogs outside of house. Images at Nanvagnagtlek include Mrs. Lloyd Neck sewing mukluk soles, Nazereth Chapel payed for by people of Nazareth PA, Mr. Drebert at chapel, Lloyd Neck and Mrs. Neck. Lloyd was ordained with Jim Kineak. Harry Trodahl coming out of Nazareth chapel, parishoners from town, kashige men's community house and steam bath. Images at Nunapitchak include elderly woman in chapel, people coming to church, crowded chapel, teacher Mr. Sam Anarak and daughter Ruth enter chapel, Mr. Drebert in pulpit, airplane stops to pick up sick boy, choir in front of Anarak home, Mr. Anarak, Ruth Anarak with friend, and travel back to Bethel.

5054-24 John Egoak
5054-26 Background: Mr Streibert Front: Unidentified
5055-04 Left to right: Moravian minister James Kinegak, unidentified
5055-17 Top row left to right: unidentified, unidentified, Moravian minister James Kinegak Bottom row: unidentified
5055-29 Moravian minister James Kinegak
5055-30 Gertrude Schwalbe Trodahl
5055-33 Left to right: Moravian minister James Kinegak, unidentified
5056-10 Mrs. Mochin
5056-11 Lloyd Neck/Lloyd Nick and wife
5056-12 Moravian minister Harry Trodahl
5056-13 Top row left to right: Taluarpak, Taluarpak's sister
Middle and bottom rows: all unidentified
5056-14 Elana Fox/Mik'ngayaq's of Mekoryuk
5056-15 People of Mekoryuk
5056-18 Top row left to right: Unidentified, unidentified, George Beaver
Second row: unidentified, unidentified
Third row left to right Nastasia Keene, unidentified
Bottom row: unidentified, unidentified

5056-19 Top row left to right: George Beaver, unidentified, Oscar Beaver, William Beaver
Middle row: all unidentified
Bottom row: unidentified, unidentified, unidentified, unidentified, Natalia White (?), unidentified
5056-20 Left to right: Beatrice Anaruk (?), Sam Anaruk. Husband and wife schoolteachers

Pioneer Pete Collection

16mm color/silent    raw footage    1960-67
The Pioneer Pete Collection was added to the project when it was discovered that it contained some very strong material from Western Alaska and St. Lawrence Island

Summary identifications specific to each film follow. At the end of each film summery are any pictures where individual people were identified. Some films have numerous people identified while others have none.

AAF-8500 [Saint Lawrence Island walrus hunt]    color/silent    36 min.    1965-1967
Summary: People depart Wien C-47, dog team mushing to village, village, women show tattoos and parkas, women cut hide into lashing, umiaks on stand, man hauling meat, men launch umiak and hunt walrus, man test ice and runs on broken pack ice, walrus pup is dragged on ice and put in umiak and taken to village, elderly woman in village, hunters pull dead seal into boat, umiak is towed, skin and wooden boats at village, umiak is manuevered between ice floes, hunters shoot walrus, hunter uses hollow tube to listen for animals in water, hunters shoot and butcher walrus, boats travel to village, Eskimo dancers and drummers at village and Wien C-47 flys away.

8500-01 Florence Napaaq Malewotkuk
8500-02 Daisy Okinello
8500-03 Amy Slwooko
8500-04 Lincoln Blassi
8500-05 Vernon Slwooko
8500-06 Yaari
8500-09 Smith Immigan

AAF-8506 [Seals, animals at McKinley Park, beluga whales, polar bears, Kotzebue beauty contest    color/silent    40 min.    1962-1965
Summary: Images include Victor Rovier boarding Reeves airliner, aerial view of village in Priblof Islands (?), seals on island, and bird colonies. Images at McKinley Park include swimming beaver, loon with chicks and other waterfowl, herds of caribou, caribou bull, moose cow and calf, bull moose feeding in lake, and brown bear with partially buried caribou. Images at and near Kotzebue include Rovier filming people jigging for tomcod, beluga whales trapped in the ice and surfacing to breath, aerial view of the whales and polar bears, men with dead polar bears, several Eskimo women in fancy parkas and Eskimo men and women dancing.

8506-01 May Thompson holding child
8506-02 Beatrice Richards or Blanche Octuck (?)
8506-03 Left to right: Rosalie Sheldon, unidentified, Irene Hunnicutt
8506-04 Irene Hunnicutt (center)
8506-06 Irene Hunnicutt
8506-08 Peggy Sherman Fagerstrom
8506-09 Lucy Jensen
8506-10 Fred Kowanna
8506-11 Annie Kenworthy (Sagainiq)

8506-12 Belle Arey
8506-13 Chester Seveck
8506-14 Lucy and Charlie Jensen

AAF-8510 [Pt. Hope& Barrow & Anaktuvuk Pass]    color/silent    44 min.    1966-67
Summary: Images at Pt. Hope include men racing umiaks and trophy presentation, Eskimo dancers at Pt. Hope, Eskimo soldiers by American and Alaskan flags, and men in umiaks in harpoon competition. Images at Barrow include Brower's Café and Arctic Hotel, large blue bus and children with puppies. Images at Anaktuvuk Pass include new school building, new houses, Presbyterian Church sign, village scenes, log church, Victor Rovier speaking with Eskimo man, and mountains. Images at Pt. Hope include sign post, children with puppy, Victor Rovier by whale rib bones (several takes), lichens and flowers, and children playing.

8510-01 Left to right: Billy Weber, Amos Lane.
8510-02 Rosella Stone (in back with red scarf). Others possibly pictured: David and Dinah Frankson, and/or Teddy Frankson and wife
8510-05 Left to right: filmmaker Victor Rovier, Eli Varner
8510-06 Left to right (foreground): Vera Brower Elkins, Pamela Brower, Josephine Ruth Leavitt, Gilbert Leavitt, Sharon Leavitt, unidentified -Barrow
8510-07 Left to right: Vera Brower Elkins, Gilbert Leavitt, Sharon Leavitt

AAF-8524 Point Hope & Barrow]    color/silent    42 min.    1967
Summary: Images at Pt. Hope include loading dog sled and hauling gear to beach during summer, people travel in umiak with outboard motor, people gathered on beach during Fourth of July celebration, men with pile of bird eggs by campfire on beach, and men and women load bird eggs in box. Images at Barrow include buildings, trucks and bus, Victor Rovier by Utkeagvik sign, American Flag, modular buildings and burned house where four children died. Additional images at Pt. Hope include Eskimo dancers and drummers, men participate in rifle shooting contest, women and children in colorful parkas, trophy presentation, and children running races.

8524-05 Left to right: Kate Killigvuk (blue parka with ruff), Lenny Lane Sr. (in center with drum), Etta Attungana (red parka with sunshine ruff), David Frankson (on right with drum)
8524-06 Left to right: Molly Oktollik, unidentified, Kate Killigvuk
8524-07 Solomon Killigvuk dancing
8524-08 Kate Killigvuk

AAF-8525 [Polar bear tagging, Anaktuvuk Pass, Pribilof seals]    color/silent    39 min.    1959-1967
Summary: Tagging polar bear images include helicopter lands next to small airplane on ice, men collar polar bear, aerial views and close-up views of polar bears, bears running and Cape Lisburne sign. Images on the Pribilof Islands include herd of fur seals, seals along rocky beach, men chase seals, wildflowers, and bird colony. Images at Anukuktuvuk Pass village include Victor Rovier (with mustache) talking to group of Eskimo residents standing outside wall tent, Eskimo masks, man building a freight sled, Betty's Coffee Shop Sign on cabin, dog yard, hides drying on rack, scenic shots of surrounding area and mountains.

8525-04 Left to right: unidentified, Simon Paneak, Susie Paneak - Anaktuvuk Pass
8525-05 Susie Paneak - Anaktuvuk Pass
8525-06 Elijah Kakinya - Anaktuvuk Pass

AAF-8526 [Point Hope, Cape Prince of Wales, Fairbanks]    color/sound    43 min.    1960-1964
Summary: Images filmed near Pt. Hope during a caribou hunt include Dan launching umiak, icebergs, ducks, duck egg, small bird, red clay, spotting game, stalking caribou, butchering caribou, travel in umiak in ocean and on river, Victor Rovier with sealskin float, icebergs, and midnight sun. Images at Cape Prince of Wales include aerial view of cape and Wales village, Vic unloading airplane, tundra, Wales village, women picking herbs for salad, airplane flys over village, tundra flowers, children pose for camera, Wales Village Store, children playing, men pull walrus meat from underground cache, whale bones, and small boardwalk. Images near Fairbanks include George Sturgis on abandoned sternwheeler Nenana, golf course on Farmers Loop road, farm fields, Creamer's potato field on Farmers Loop Road, Creamer's Dairy, Crystal Palace and tourist gold panning site at Ester, man panning gold, interior of Malemute Saloon and bartender, gold dredge at Ester, University of Alaska Experimental Station (farm), University of Alaska buildings including the power plant under construction, houses and buildings in Fairbanks, Santa Clause house at North Pole, cow moose, and map showing highway route between Fairbanks and Anchorage.

8526-03 Left to right: Amos Weyapak (?), Emma Weyapuk (?)/Jeanie Komanaseak (?)

AAF-8527 [Reindeer round-up, King Islanders at Nome]    color/silent    39 minutes    1960
Summary: Reindeer round-up images include Eskimo reindeer herders rounding up reindeer into corral, reindeer are castrated, reindeer in chutes, herders release reindeer, and man travelling is small outboard powered skiff. Images at Nome include houses, King Island Eskimos, children, women show fancy parkas, ivory carver uses bow drill and other tools to carve ivory, men dance with masks and drums, children and women dance in parkas, umiaks arrive and are unloaded, umiaks are pulled ashore, woman with baby in parka, man shows snowshoes, baleen, and woman with bird eggs.

8527-11 Left to right: Madeline Omiak, Clara Tiulana, unidentified
8527-12 Clara Tiulana (right) with daughter Katie or Lillian
8527-13 Aloysius Pikonganna
8527-14 John Kiminock
8527-15 Mary Galley and child
8527-16 Florence Kiminock
8527-17 Chief Charles Olaranna
8527-18 John Thomas
8527-19 John Thomas (holding box)
8527-20 Helen Pushruk and child
8527-21 Jimmy Sirloak
8527-22 Ursula Ellanna

AAF-8542 [Point Hope whaling festival]    color/silent    30 min.    1964
Summary: Images include hunters on ice, travel on snowmachine, caterpillar in village, whaling crew in umiak, close-up view of harpoons and gear, man with block of ice, dead puffins, group of people around Wien DeHaviland Beaver airplane, village scenes, hide on stretching rack, sled dogs, Wien Pilatus Porter airplane, villagers, hunters with dog teams and umiaks on ice, hunters with seals and waterfowl, villagers dividing flippers, Eskimo dancing, high-kick contest, elders passing out pieces of flipper, blanket toss, and women cleaning hides.

8542-01 Left to right: John Oktollik, filmmaker Victor Rovier
8542-02 Left to right: Christopher Tingook, unidentified
8542-03 Mary Anne Lane Kinneeveauk
8542-04 Johnny Oktollik
8542-05 Elizabeth Kabanyi Tuzroyluke
8542-06 Patrick Attungana
8542-07 Eva Attungana
8542-09 Left to right: Jimmy Killigvuk, Christopher Tingook, unidentified
8542-10 Left to right: Rosella Stone and husband Raymond Stone
8542-11 Daniel Lisbourne
8542-13 Left to right: Ida Koonuk, unidentified, unidentified, Irma Hunnicut

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