About an ANCSA Master File
Each of the approximately 2,300 site reports is based on an ANCSA 14(h)(1) application, includes a certification of eligibility or ineligibility for the subject site, and constitutes the end product of a formal field investigation. Reports on individual sites range from about 25-100 pages in length; however, "overview reports" addressing multiple sites have also been produced and are substantially larger (up to six volumes and 1,300 pages). Their contents and formats have varied over the years, but a typical report includes all of the following:
- a discussion of the site's environmental setting;
- a review of oral and written accounts about its past use;
- narrative and/or tabular descriptions of the identified surface cultural remains;
- detailed site maps;
- and photographs of the site area and selected features.
Also, any subsurface cultural deposits noted at the site are described, as are artifacts or organic materials recovered through archeological testing or observed in exposed contexts.
Complete sets of all ANCSA 14(h)(1) site reports are held by both the BIA and BLM. Additionally, copies of reports on sites within a given ANCSA region are provided to the applicant Native regional corporation and reports convening lands under the management jurisdiction of the other involved federal agencies (i.e., NPS, FWS, FS) are copied to those parties. As specified in a 1989 Memorandum of Understanding, the BIA also submits summary data about sites documented by ANCSA 14(h)(1) researchers to the Alaska SHPO. (Chasing the Dark, 24)
How to Access the Collection:
The Master Files are grouped by Native Regional Corporation and contain investigative reports and supportive material (e.g. photographs, field notes, and detailed site maps) from site investigations